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Dutch GDP Data Revisions: Are They Predictable and Where Do They Come from?


  • Olivier Roodenburg
  • Ard H.J. den Reijer


This paper examines whether the preliminary releases of GDP incorporate efficiently all available information or the preliminary estimates contain information that can be useful in predicting forthcoming GDP revisions. Forecast rationality tests are applied to distinguish between these two characterisations. We analyse the revision over three horizons: the very short-term revision after one quarter, the short-term revision after two years, and the long-term revision. We find evidence of the predictability of all short- and long-term revisions of Dutch GDP data. Our evidence for the revisions of the seasonally adjusted quarter-on-quarter growth rates are in line with the findings on G7 countries. Moreover, we analyse the revisions of the six expenditure components and ten production components that constitute GDP. Only the preliminary releases of household consumption and the construction sector seem to explain the GDP data revisions. However, the general conclusion is that the forecast rationality hypothesis is rejected for almost all components separately, but that almost no individual component’s preliminary data release can forecast the revisions of GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Roodenburg & Ard H.J. den Reijer, 2006. "Dutch GDP Data Revisions: Are They Predictable and Where Do They Come from?," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 52(4), pages 337-356.
  • Handle: RePEc:aeq:aeqaeq:v52_y2006_i4_q4_p337-356

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    Cited by:

    1. Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Neuwirth, Stefan, 2012. "The impact of seasonal and price adjustments on the predictability of German GDP revisions," Kiel Working Papers 1753, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Sapre, Amey & Sengupta, Rajeswari, 2017. "An analysis of revisions in Indian GDP data," Working Papers 17/213, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
    3. Döhrn, Roland, 2018. "Revisionen der Volkswirtschaftlichen Gesamtrechnungen: Revisionspraxis des Statistischen Bundesamtes und ihre Auswirkungen auf Prognosen," RWI Materialien 127, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    4. Flodberg, Caroline & Österholm, Pär, 2015. "A Statistical Analysis of Revisions of Swedish National Accounts Data," Working Papers 136, National Institute of Economic Research.
    5. Sapre, Amey & Sengupta, Rajeswari, 2017. "An analysis of revisions in Indian GDP data," MPRA Paper 81340, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Real-time data; GDP data revision; forecast efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods


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