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The Long-Run Dynamics of Electricity Demand: Evidence from Municipal Aggregation

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  • Tatyana Deryugina
  • Alexander MacKay
  • Julian Reif

Abstract

We study the dynamics of residential electricity demand by exploiting a natural experiment that produced large and long-lasting price changes in over 250 Illinois communities. Using a flexible difference-in-difference matching approach, we estimate that the price elasticity of demand grows from −0.09 in the first six months to −0.27 two years later. We find similar results with a dynamic model in which usage is a function of past and future prices. Our findings highlight the importance of accounting for consumption dynamics when evaluating energy policy.

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  • Tatyana Deryugina & Alexander MacKay & Julian Reif, 2020. "The Long-Run Dynamics of Electricity Demand: Evidence from Municipal Aggregation," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 86-114, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aejapp:v:12:y:2020:i:1:p:86-114
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/app.20180256
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    Cited by:

    1. Alberini, Anna & Khymych, Olha & Ščasný, Milan, 2020. "Responsiveness to energy price changes when salience is high: Residential natural gas demand in Ukraine," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    2. Julien Xavier Daubanes & Fanny Henriet & Katheline Schubert, 2017. "More Gas, Less Coal, and Less CO2? Unilateral CO2 Reduction Policy with More than One Carbon Energy Source," IFRO Working Paper 2017/09, University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics.
    3. Sébastien Houde & Erica Myers, 2019. "Are Consumers Attentive to Local Energy Costs? Evidence from the Appliance Market," NBER Working Papers 25591, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Nyagwachi, Abel Otwori & Chelwa, Grieve & van Walbeek, Corné, 2020. "The effect of tobacco- and alcohol-control policies on household spending patterns in Kenya: An approach using matched difference in differences," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 256(C).
    5. Carvallo, Juan Pablo & Zhang, Nan & Murphy, Sean P. & Leibowicz, Benjamin D. & Larsen, Peter H., 2020. "The economic value of a centralized approach to distributed resource investment and operation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 269(C).
    6. Mar Reguant, 2018. "The Efficiency and Sectoral Distributional Implications of Large-Scale Renewable Policies," NBER Working Papers 24398, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Gilbert, Ben & Graff Zivin, Joshua S., 2020. "Dynamic corrective taxes with time-varying salience," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 103(C).
    8. ITO Koichiro & ZHANG Shuang, 2020. "Reforming Inefficient Energy Pricing: Evidence from China," Discussion papers 20062, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    9. Fullerton, Don & Ta, Chi L., 2020. "Costs of energy efficiency mandates can reverse the sign of rebound," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 188(C).
    10. Koichiro Ito & Shuang Zhang, 2020. "Reforming Inefficient Energy Pricing: Evidence from China," NBER Working Papers 26853, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Saskia Lavrijssen & Arturo Carrillo Parra, 2017. "Radical Prosumer Innovations in the Electricity Sector and the Impact on Prosumer Regulation," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(7), pages 1-21, July.
    12. Doda, Baran & Fankhauser, Samuel, 2020. "Climate policy and power producers: the distribution of pain and gain," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 102960, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    13. Baikowski, Martin, 2018. "Impacts of consumers' electricity price misperceptions," CAWM Discussion Papers 105, University of Münster, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM).
    14. Tosapol Apaitan & Wichsinee Wibulpolprasert, 2018. "Stylized Facts on Thailand's Residential Electricity Consumption: Evidence from the Provincial Electricity Authority," PIER Discussion Papers 107, Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research, revised Aug 2018.
    15. Sebastian Gechert & Katja Rietzler & Sven Schreiber & Ulrike Stein, 2019. "Wirtschaftliche Instrumente für eine klima- und sozialverträgliche CO2-Bepreisung," IMK Studies 65-2019, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    16. Jonathon M. Becker, 2020. "Tradable performance standards in a dynamic context," Working Papers 2020-03, Colorado School of Mines, Division of Economics and Business.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • L98 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Government Policy
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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