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Reconciling Work and Family Life: The Effect of the French Paid Parental Leave

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  • Julie Moschion

Abstract

In France, having more than two children has a causal negative impact on mothers' labour supply. The question addressed in this paper is whether the paid parental leave alters this effect. To address this issue, we focus on a reform that modified the conditions in which labour decisions are taken. In July 1994, the Allocation parentale d'éducation was extended to parents of two children (among which one is less than three years old). We show that after the reform, that is, when families of two and more than two children have the same incentive to take a paid parental leave, having more than two children no longer has a negative effect on the participation probability of mothers. In addition, this is particularly true for mothers graduating from secondary school at most, who happen to be the main recipients of the benefit.

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  • Julie Moschion, 2010. "Reconciling Work and Family Life: The Effect of the French Paid Parental Leave," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 99-100, pages 217-246.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2010:i:99-100:p:217-246
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    File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41219166
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rachid Boumahdi & Jean-François Giret, 2005. "Une analyse économétrique des disparités d'accès à l'emploi et de rémunérations entre jeunes d'origine française et jeunes issus de l'immigration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, pages 625-636.
    2. Riach, Peter A & Rich, Judith, 1991. "Testing for Racial Discrimination in the Labour Market," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 239-256, September.
    3. Etienne Lehmann, 2012. "A Search Model of Unemployment and Inflation," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, pages 245-266.
    4. Romain Aeberhardt & Julien Pouget, 2007. "National Origin Wage Differentials in France. Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data"," Working Papers 2007-15, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    5. Pascale Petit, 2003. "Comment évaluer la discrimination à l'embauche ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(3), pages 55-87.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alzbeta Mullerova, 2016. "Mind the employment gap: an impact evaluation of the Czech “multi-speed” parental benefit reform," EconomiX Working Papers 2016-30, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    2. Alzbeta Mullerova, 2017. "Family policy and maternal employment in the Czech transition: a natural experiment," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, pages 1185-1210.
    3. Alzbeta Mullerova, 2014. "Female Labour Supply in the Czech Transition: Effects of the Work-Life Conciliation Policies," EconomiX Working Papers 2014-50, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.

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