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Eine empirische Analyse von Sanktionen für Arbeitslose in Westdeutschland während der 1980er und 1990er Jahre

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  • Wilke, Ralf A.

Abstract

Diese Arbeit soll einen ersten Einblick in die Sanktionsinstrumente Sperrzeit und Säumniszeit für Leistungsempfänger der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit geben. Die Forschung basiert auf umfangreichen Individualdatensätzen der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit, der IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe und betrachtet den Zeitraum 1980-1997. Nach 57% aller Sanktionen im Laufe eines Leistungsbezuges bezieht der betroffene Arbeitslose innerhalb von sechs Tagen wieder eine Leistung der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit, meistens, weil die Sanktionen aus wichtigen Gründen zurückgenommen wurden. Nur 41% aller ausgesprochenen Sanktionen können tatsächlich als sanktionierend angesehen werden. Aufgrund dieser Ergebnisse ist es zweifelhaft, dass eine nicht differenzierte Aktivierungspolitik für Arbeitslose mit einer dadurch verbundenen vermehrten Aussprache von Sperrzeiten und Säumniszeiten durchweg einen positiven Effekt hat, da der Verwaltungsmehraufwand aufgrund der hohen Rücknahmequote von Sanktionen in vielen Fällen nicht durch den erwarteten Nutzen gedeckt sein kann. -- This paper describes some empirical phenomena about sanctions in the unemployment compensation system in Germany using the comprehensive IAB-employment sample 1975-1997. It becomes apparent that 57% of the considered sanctions last for less than one week. This is because most of them are withdrawn. Only 41% of the sanctions can be considered as a punishment for the unemployed. From these results it is questionable whether the current activation policy for unemployed in Germany yields uniformly positive returns since in many cases the administrative effort exceeds the zero-yield. It is suggested that focusing the activation policy to some groups of the unemployed might be more beneficial or to change laws which allow in reducing the withdrawal rate.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 03-71.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:1681

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  1. Rafael Lalive & Jan C. van Ours & Josef Zweimüller, . "The Effect of Benefit Sanctions on the Duration of Unemployment," IEW - Working Papers 110, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  2. Jaap H. Abbring & Gerard J. Berg & Jan C. Ours, 2005. "The Effect of Unemployment Insurance Sanctions on the Transition Rate from Unemployment to Employment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(505), pages 602-630, 07.
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Cited by:
  1. Wolff, Joachim & Moczall, Andreas, 2012. "Übergänge von Alg-II-Beziehern in die erste Sanktion : Frauen werden nur selten sanktioniert," IAB-Forschungsbericht, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 201211, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  2. Bernd Fitzenberger & Ralf A. Wilke, 2010. "Unemployment Durations in West Germany Before and After the Reform of the Unemployment Compensation System during the 1980s," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11, pages 336-366, 08.
  3. Müller, Kai-Uwe, 2007. "Observed and unobserved determinants of unemployment insurance benefit sanctions in Germany: Evidence from matched individual and regional administrative data," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2007-107, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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