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Selbständige in der EU: Einige Anmerkungen zu den Problemen ihrer sozialen Absicherung

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  • Fachinger, Uwe

Abstract

Das Ziel des Beitrages ist es, auf einige sich abzeichnende Probleme der sozialen Absicherung von selbständig Erwerbstätigen in Europa hinzuweisen. Der sich ergebende Handlungsbedarf bezieht sich dabei auf die sozialen Sicherungssysteme innerhalb der Einzelstaaten und auf deren zwischenstaatliche Koordinierung. In diesem Zusammenhang ist die Sichtweise der Europäischen Union von Interesse, der in dem Beitrag besondere Aufmerksamkeit gewidmet wird. Der kurze Überblick zeigt, daß bei der Erarbeitung von Handlungsoptionen spezifische Aspekte zu beachten sind, die sich u. a. aus den folgenden vier Punkten ergeben: 1. die unterschiedlichen Besteuerungsprinzipien in den Mitgliedstaaten, 2. die grenzüberschreitende Erstellung von Waren und Dienstleistungen, 3. der Standortwechsel eines Selbständigen zwischen den Mitgliedstaaten sowie 4. ein Statuswechsel, d. h. der Wechsel von abhängiger zu selbständiger Erwerbstätigkeit et vice versa. Weiterhin wird verdeutlicht, daß bei allen Reformüberlegungen im EU-Kontext der Vorrang der Beschäftigungspolitik gegenüber der Sozialpolitik zu berücksichtigen ist und die EUInstitutionen sorgsam darauf achten werden, daß die vier Grundfreiheiten eingehalten sowie die Maßnahmen der Wettbewerbs- und Beschäftigungspolitik nicht konterkariert werden. -- The aim of the paper is to point to some emerging problems concering the social security of the self-employed. There is a call for action related to the social security systems of the single states and the intergovernmental coordination. In this context the point of view of the European Commission is of special interest and therefore special attention is paid to this matter in the paper. The short survey shows, that there are special aspects which have to be considered to derive some options for social policy measures, which are the result of inter alia 1. the different principles of taxes within the member states, 2. the cross-border production of goods and services, 3. the relocation of self-employed people between the member states and 4. the change of the working status, e. g. the change from dependent employee to selfemployed person et vice versa. Further the analysis elucidates, that the priority of the employment policy in respect to social policy within the EU-context has to be taken into consideration for all proposed reforms and that the European Institutions will carefully keep an eye on the guarantee of the four rights of freedom and that no measure will thwart the competition policies and employment policies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS) in its series Working papers of the ZeS with number 01/2003.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zeswps:012003

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References

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  1. Isabelle Joumard, 2002. "Tax systems in European Union countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2002(1), pages 91-151.
  2. Dräther, Hendrik & Fachinger, Uwe & Oelschläger, Angelika, 2001. "Selbständige und ihre Altersvorsorge: Möglichkeiten der Analyse anhand der Mikrozensen und erste Ergebnisse," Working papers of the ZeS 01/2001, University of Bremen, Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS).
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Cited by:
  1. Schulze Buschoff, Karin, 2007. "Self-employment and social risk management: comparing Germany and the United Kingdom," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2007-103, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  2. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:38:i:4:p:531-553 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Schulze Buschoff, Karin & Protsch, Paula, 2007. "Die soziale Sicherung von (a-)typisch Beschäftigten im europäischen Vergleich," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2007-105, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  4. Schulze Buschoff, Karin & Schmidt, Claudia, 2006. "Own-account workers in Europe: flexible, mobile, and often inadequately insured," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2006-122, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  5. Bögenhold, Dieter & Fachinger, Uwe, 2012. "Unternehmertum: Unterschiedliche Facetten selbstständiger Berufstätigkeit
    [Entrepreneurship: Diverse aspects of self-employment]
    ," MPRA Paper 51459, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Schulze Buschoff, Karin & Schmidt, Claudia, 2005. "Mobilität der Solo-Selbständigen im europäischen Vergleich (The employment status mobility of the solo-self-employed and their social protection in a European comparison)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 38(4), pages 531-553.

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