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Die soziale Sicherung von (a-)typisch Beschäftigten im europäischen Vergleich

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  • Schulze Buschoff, Karin
  • Protsch, Paula
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    Abstract

    Ziel des Beitrags ist es, Licht in die Grauzone atypischer Beschäftigung und ihrer arbeits- und sozialrechtlichen Absicherung zu bringen. Als atypische Beschäftigungsverhältnisse definieren wir Teilzeitarbeit, geringfügige Beschäftigung, befristete Beschäftigung und Solo-Selbstständigkeit. Zunächst werden Art und Umfang von atypischer Beschäftigung im Zeitvergleich in sechs Ländern dargestellt (Deutschland, das Vereinigte Königreich, die Niederlande, Italien, Dänemark und Polen). Es zeigt sich, dass atypische Beschäftigungsverhältnisse insgesamt in den letzten Jahren an Bedeutung gewonnen haben. Sie sind häufig Bestandteil unsteter Erwerbsverläufe und mit einem erhöhten Arbeitslosigkeitsrisiko verbunden. Daran anschließend wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob und in welcher Weise die nationalen arbeits- und sozialrechtlichen Regelungen die einzelnen Formen atypischer Beschäftigungsverhältnisse umfassen und die mit ihnen verbundenen spezifischen Risiken berücksichtigen. -- This paper aims at shedding some light on the blurry subject of atypical employment and the respective protection provided by labour law and social security schemes. Atypical employment is understood as part-time work, marginal employment, temporary employment, and own-account workers. In a first step, we set out to describe the nature and the dimension of atypical employment over time and across six countries (namely Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, Denmark, and Poland). We find that over the last years, atypical employment contracts in general are becoming increasingly widespread. Atypical employment is oftentimes part of unstable careers and associated with an increased risk of unemployment. In a second step, we assess whether and how national labour and social security legislation is tackling with the issue of atypical employment, and to what extent the respective regulations allow for the specific risks involved.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2007-105.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2007105

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    1. Fachinger, Uwe, 2003. "Selbständige in der EU: Einige Anmerkungen zu den Problemen ihrer sozialen Absicherung," MPRA Paper 1129, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Leschke, Janine & Schmid, Günther & Griga, Dorit, 2006. "On the marriage of flexibility and security: Lessons from the Hartz-reforms in Germany," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2006-108, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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