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Transitional labour markets: A new European employment strategy

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  • Schmid, Günther
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    Abstract

    Although it has become fashionable to reject ‘full employment’ as a realistic objective for economic and social policy, there is one important reason to stick to this goal. ‘Full employment’ always reflected the idea that all persons should have the right to earn a decent living through their own work. It is this connotation of social integration by full participation in the working life that makes full employment still powerful as a regulatory idea. However, the content of this goal deserves reconsideration. The model of continuous and dependent fulltime employment is no longer up to date, although it still implicitly underlies many institutional arrangements. This ‘male breadwinner norm’ denies full employment participation to women on the one hand, and relieves men from full responsibility in the family life on the other hand. This paper suggests replacing this norm by the regulatory idea of transitional labour markets. -- Obwohl es Mode geworden ist, ‘Vollbeschäftigung’ als ein realistisches Ziel für Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitik zu verwerfen, gibt es einen wichtigen Grund, an diesem Ziel festzuhalten. ‘Vollbeschäftigung’ reflektierte schon immer die Idee, daß alle Menschen das Recht haben sollten, einen menschenwürdigen Lebensunterhalt durch eigene Arbeit zu verdienen. Es ist diese Bedeutung der sozialen Integration durch volle Teilnahme am Erwerbsleben, die das Vollbeschäftigungsziel immer noch als eine wirkungsvolle regulative Idee erscheinen läßt. Dennoch bedarf ihr Inhalt einer Neubesinnung. Das Modell der kontinuierlichen und abhängigen Vollzeiterwerbstätigkeit ist längst nicht mehr zeitgemäß, obwohl es noch vielen institutionellen Arrangements als implizite Norm zugrunde liegt. Dieses ‘die Männer sind die Ernährer'-Modell verweigert den Frauen einerseits die volle Beteiligung am Erwerbsleben und entlastet andererseits die Männer von jeglicher Verantwortung im Familienleben. Dieses Papier schlägt vor, diese Norm durch die regulative Idee der Übergangsarbeitsmärkte zu ersetzen.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 98-206.

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    Date of creation: 1998
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi98206

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    Cited by:
    1. Brzinsky-Fay, Christian, 2006. "Lost in transition: labour market entry sequences of school leavers in Europe," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2006-111, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    2. Schömann, Klaus & Siarov, Liuben & van den Heuvel, Nick, 2006. "Managing social risks through transitional labour markets," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2006-117, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    3. Kappe, E.R. & Bijwaard, G.E., 2005. "Does work-related training reduce the discrepancy between function requirements and competencies?," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2005-42, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
    4. Haak, Carroll & Schmid, Günther, 1999. "Arbeitsmärkte für Künstler und Publizisten: Modelle einer zukünftigen Arbeitswelt?," Papers, Research Network Project "Work and Ecology" P 99-506, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    5. J. de Koning & R. Layard & S. Nickell & N. Westergaard-Nielsen, 2004. "Policies for full employment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 47444, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. Helena Corrales Herrero & Beatriz Rodríguez Prado, 2011. "El empleo a tiempo parcial entre los jóvenes: Puente o trampa," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6, in: Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 42, pages 677-692 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
    7. Kruppe, Thomas, 2000. "The dynamics of dependent employment and unemployment: A comparison of different data sources," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 00-206, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    8. Schömann, Klaus & Flechtner, Stefanie & Mytzek, Ralf & Schömann, Isabelle, 2000. "Moving towards employment insurance: Unemployment insurance and employment protection in the OECD," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 00-201, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    9. Rodriguez, Eunice, 1999. "Marginal employment and health in Germany and the United Kingdom: Does unstable employment predict health?," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 99-203, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    10. Dathe, Dietmar, 1998. "Der Familienzyklus als Bestimmungsfaktor für das Familieneinkommen und das Arbeitsangebot: Eine Untersuchung für West- und Ostdeutschland auf der Grundlage des Mikrozensus 1995," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 98-208, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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