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Multimodale Mobilutions und Privat-Pkw: ein Vergleich auf Basis von Transaktions- und monetären Kosten ; Bericht 4 der choice-Forschung

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  • Petersen, Markus
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    Abstract

    Thema der Arbeit ist die kostenseitig beleuchtete Entscheidung des Verkehrsteilnehmers zwi-schen einem Privat-Pkw und der Einrichtung eines multimodalen Sets von Verkehrsmitteln. Dafür werden die Begriffe Intermodalität, Multimodalität, Selbstbeweglichkeit, Routinisierbarkeit in Verbindung mit Transaktionskosten und routinisierbaren Verkehrsmittelsets (Mobilutions) teilweise neu definiert bzw. eingeführt. Verkehrsmittelwahl vor jeder Fahrt ist eine ökonomistische Fiktion. Vielmehr richten sich Ver-kehrsteilnehmer mittelfristig Sets von Verkehrsmitteln ein (Mobilutions). Dabei spielt - neben den anderen bekannten Einflussgrößen - auch die Höhe der Gesamtkosten, zusammengesetzt aus Transaktions- und monetären Kosten eine Rolle. Aber nicht nur die Höhe ist ein Entschei-dungsparameter sondern auch der Grad ihrer Variabilität. Mobilutions mit hohen variablen Kos-tenanteilen scheiden auch dann aus, wenn sie insgesamt deutlich günstiger sind als solche mit hohen fixen Anteilen. Dies führt zu den beschriebenen sehr geringen Umsätzen pro Carsharing-Kunden und erklärt so unter anderem die unbefriedigende Größe des deutschen Carsharing-Marktes. Quantitative Durchbrüche bedürfen nicht nur einer nationalen Oberfläche, wie sie die Deutsche Bahn zur Zeit entwickelt, sondern auch einer multimodalen Kostenfunktion, die alle Modes einer multimodalen Mobilution integriert. Multimodale Mobilutions müssen den öffentlichen Verkehr inhaltlich und preislich integrieren, sie müssen höhere Autoanteile erheblich stärker rabattieren und damit erst ermöglichen, sie müs-sen für alle Nutzungsintensitäten preisgünstiger sein als der Privat-Pkw und dennoch für die Betreiber akzeptabel bleiben. Sie müssen wie der Privat-Pkw in allen Modes rückwirkend best priced sein und die spezifischen Vorteile von Multimodalität stärker betonen. Das Papier stellt eine multimodale Kostenfunktion vor, die diese Forderungen annähernd erfüllt. -- Examined from a cost perspective, this paper is about a consumer's choice between private automobiles and the installation of a multi-modal set of transportation means. Therefore, the terms inter-modality, multi-modality, self-locomotion, quotidian routine, in com-bination with the costs of transaction and routinized means of transportation (mobilutions), are partially introduced or defined in a new way. It is an economical fiction that before every journey there is a choice of means of transporta-tion; rather, users of transportation systems install for themselves, in a median time span, sets of transportation means, mobilutions. Among the other known items of influence, the combi-nation of total transaction and monetary costs plays a role. Not only is the total costs a parameter of choice, but also the degree to which costs vary. Mobilutions with a high propor-tion of variable costs are not considered even if, as a whole, they are noticeably cheaper than those which are fixed at a higher proportion. Eventually this leads to lower inevitable returns per carsharing customer and also explains, among other things, the dissatisfactory extent of the German carsharing market. Quantitative breakthroughs require not only a national interface, like that currently being developed by Deutsche Bahn, but also a multi-modal cost function integrating all modes of a multi-modal mobilution. Multi-modal mobilutions must integrate public transportation systems in content and in price. They must vigorously discount higher proportions of automobiles thereby making these higher proportions possible. Independent of consumers intensity of use, mobilutions should be better in price than a private automobile, yet remaining affordable for the operating company. Like the private automobile, mobilutions must be best priced in all modes and emphasize the specific benefits of multi-modalitiy more strenuously. This paper presents a multi-modal cost function that approximates the fulfillment of these demands.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Innovation and Organization with number SP III 2003-108.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbior:spiii2003108

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    1. Canzler, Weert & Franke, Sassa, 2000. "Autofahren zwischen Alltagsnutzung und Routinebruch: Bericht 1 der choice-Forschung," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Organisation and Technology FS II 00-102, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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    Cited by:
    1. Beutler, Felix, 2004. "Intermodalität, Multimodalität und Urbanibility: Vision für einen nachhaltigen Stadtverkehr," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Innovation and Organization SP III 2004-107, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    2. Maertins, Christian, 2006. "Die intermodalen Dienste der Bahn: mehr Mobilität und weniger Verkehr? Wirkungen und Potenziale neuer Verkehrsdienstleistungen," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Innovation and Organization SP III 2006-101, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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