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Verhandelbarkeit von Arbeitszeitverkürzung: Zum Versuch neokorporatistischer Beschäftigungssteuerung im Bündnis für Arbeit

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  • Vetterlein, Antje
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    Abstract

    Mit Verweis auf erfolgreiche Beschäftigungspakte in anderen europäischen Staaten, insbesondere den Niederlanden, werden auch in Deutschland immer wieder derartige Anstrengungen gefordert. Die „neue“ sozialdemokratisch geführte Regierung hat nun ein solches Bündnis zu einem Kernthema ihrer Politik gemacht. Dieses Paper analysiert die Wahrscheinlichkeit des Gelingens des jetzigen „Bündnisses für Arbeit“, gemessen am „harten“ Kriterium „Abbau der Arbeitslosigkeit“. Ausgehend von der Verhandlungs- und Neokorporatismustheorie werden zwei Bedingungen für den Erfolg eines solchen Verhandlungssystems abgeleitet. Es wird geprüft, ob beide – nämlich Verhandlungswilligkeit und -fähigkeit von Verbänden – tatsächlich gegeben sind. Das Nicht-Vorhandensein beider Voraussetzungen bringt derartige neokorporatistische Arrangements in eine Dilemmasituation: Maßnahmen, die grundsätzlich verhandelbar wären, lösen das Beschäftigungsproblem nicht, und beschäftigungswirksame Maßnahmen sind nicht verhandelbar. Das heißt nicht, daß das „Bündnis für Arbeit“ zum Scheitern verurteilt ist, macht aber die spezifische Selektivität derartiger neokorporatistischer Verhandlungssysteme deutlich. Dies wird exemplarisch an der Arbeitszeitpolitik dargestellt, welche ein Thema im Bündnis ist und m. E. ein äußerst wirkungsvoller Weg, um Arbeitslosigkeit zu reduzieren. -- The example of successful employment pacts in other European states in particular that in the Netherlands, suggest that such an effort is also needed in Germany. The new Social Democratic government made such an alliance a core element of its policy. This paper assesses the probability for success of the current Alliance for Labor measured against the hard criteria of unemployment reduction. Drawing on both negotiation and neocorporatism theory, two preconditions for the success of such pacts are derived. An empirical examination is then made to evaluate whether, indeed, both these preconditions – namely the willingness and ability of associations to negotiate – actually exist. In a situation where both conditions do not hold, such neocorporatist arrangements produce a dilemma: measures which are easily made binding do not solve the employment problem and simultaneously a consensus cannot be reached on employment – effective measures. This does not mean there will not be any agreement in the alliance; however, it does make the specific selectivity of such negotiating system clear. This point is depicted with the example of working time policy which is one topic in the alliance and in my opinion an extremely effective instrument for reducing unemployment.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Papers, Research Network Project "Work and Ecology" with number P 00-517.

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    Date of creation: 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbeco:p00517

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    1. Gerhard Bosch & Steffen Lehndorff, 1998. "Arbeitszeitverkürzung und Beschäftigung: Erfahrungen in Europa und wirtschaftspolitische Empfehlungen," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 67(4), pages 300-325.
    2. Dathe, Dietmar, 1998. "Wechselwirkungen zwischen Arbeitszeitpolitik und Arbeitsangebotsverhalten: Eine Untersuchung zur Bedeutung von Arbeitszeitpräferenzen für eine Politik der Arbeitsumverteilung," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 98-201, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    3. Bleses, Peter, 2000. "Auf zu neuen Ufern? Arbeit und Einkommen in der gewerkschaftlichen Zukunftsdebatte," Papers, Research Network Project "Work and Ecology" P 00-516, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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