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Zum Zusammenhang zwischen Gründungen und regionaler Entwicklung


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  • Fritsch, Michael


Der Beitrag behandelt den Einfluss des Gründungsgeschehens auf die regionale Entwicklung. Viele dieser Wirkungen sind indirekter Natur und müssen sich nicht notwendig in der Region niederschlagen, in der die Gründung stattfand. Empirische Analysen für westdeutsche Regionen zeigen, dass nur für die Entwicklung in den 1990er Jahren ein positiver Zusammenhang mit dem Gründungsgeschehen ermittelt werden kann. Für die 1980er Jahre zeigt sich ein solcher Zusammenhang nicht. Dabei ergeben sich Hinweise darauf, dass die wesentlichen Wirkungen des Gründungsgeschehens langfristiger Natur sind. Ein Vergleich mit Ostdeutschland zeigt einen deutlich stärkeren Einfluss der Gründungen auf die Regionalentwicklung als in Westdeutschland. -- The paper deals with the role of new firm formation in regional development. Many of the effects of the new firms are of indirect nature and do not necessarily become effective in the region in which a new firm is set up. Empirical analyses for West German regions show that an impact of new firm formation can only be found for the development in the 1990s, but not for the 1980s. There are indications that a considerable part of the impact of new firm formation on regional development is long term in nature. In East Germany the impact of new firm formation on growth seems to be much stronger than in the western part.

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Paper provided by TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in its series Freiberg Working Papers with number 2003,04.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:tufwps:200304

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Keywords: Gründungsgeschehen; Marktzutritte; Regionalentwicklung; New firm formation; market entry; regional development;

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  1. Geroski, P. A., 1995. "What do we know about entry?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 421-440, December.
  2. David Audretsch & Michael Fritsch, 2002. "Growth Regimes over Time and Space," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(2), pages 113-124.
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Cited by:
  1. Enke, Margit & Greschuchna, Larissa, 2005. "Aufbau von Vertrauen in Dienstleistungsinteraktionen durch Instrumente der Kommunikationspolitik - dargestellt am Beispiel der Beratung kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen -," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  2. Anne Otto, 2006. "The Role of New Firms for the Development of Clusters," ERSA conference papers ersa06p275, European Regional Science Association.


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