Privatization of public pensions in Germany: Who gains and how much?
AbstractThis paper examines the distributional and efficiency effects of pension privatization in Germany. Starting from a benchmark that refects the current unfunded pension system, a fully funded system is introduced. The accrued benefits of the old system are financed by alternative tax combinations as well as deficit increases. The quantitative analysis is based on an Auerbach-Kotliko type simulation model that distinguishes between five lifetime income classes within each age cohort. The simulations reveal a clear trade-off between the efficiency and equity aspects of alternative financing schemes. While consumption taxes are the most efficient financing instrument, they also undermine intra- and intergenerational equity. Phasing-out the unfunded system on the other hand not only dampens the income redistribution across and within generations, but also reduces the efficiency gains dramatically. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics in its series Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge with number 148.
Date of creation: 1998
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Other versions of this item:
- Hans Fehr, 1999. "Privatization of Public Pensions in Germany: Who Gains and How Much?," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 218(5+6), pages 674-694, May.
- H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
- D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
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- Grabka, Markus M. & Andersen, Hanfried H. & Henke, Klaus-Dirk & Borchardt, Katja, 2003. "Kapitaldeckung für die GKV? Zur Berechnung der finanziellen Auswirkungen eines Umstiegs vom Umlage- auf das Kapitaldeckungssystem," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
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- Georg Hirte, 2002. "Welfare and Macroeconomic Effects of the German Pension Acts of 1992 and 1999: A Dynamic CGE Study," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 3(1), pages 81-106, 02.
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