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Strukturmerkmale des chinesischen Kapitalismus

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  • ten Brink, Tobias
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    Abstract

    Für ein Verständnis der chinesischen Wirtschaft ist es hilfreich, das theoretische Instrumentarium der Kapitalismusforschung nutzbar zu machen. Es ermöglicht eine fundierte Charakterisierung des chinesischen Systems als einer eigentümlichen Spielart des Kapitalismus eines marktliberalen, wettbewerbsgetriebenen Staatskapitalismus. Zu den Eigentümlichkeiten des chinesischen Kapitalismus gehören ein dynamischer Staatsdirigismus, eine besondere Form des Wettbewerbs und der privat-öffentlichen Unternehmensorganisation, eine spezifische Variante des Korporatismus in den Arbeitsbeziehungen sowie eine strikte Regulierung der Geld- und Finanzbeziehungen. Hinzu tritt eine spezifische Form der konfliktorisch-kooperativen Integration Chinas in weltwirtschaftliche und ostasiatische Beziehungen sowie in weitere transnationale Beziehungen eines 'China Circle'. Die Kontinuität des chinesischen Entwicklungspfades wird gleichwohl durch die gegenwärtig krisenhaft verlaufenden Globalisierungsprozesse bedroht. -- Research on capitalism has yielded many tools that are useful for analyzing the Chinese economy. They enable us to develop a well-founded characterization of China as a specific variant of capitalism a market-liberal, competition-driven state capitalism. It is possible to differentiate some of the peculiarities of the Chinese system a dynamic form of political dirigisme, particular forms of competition and private-public company organization, a specific variant of corporatism in work relations, and strict regulation of money and financial relations. Another special feature is a conflictivecooperative approach toward integrating into the world economy, into East Asian relations, and into further transnational relations within a 'China Circle.' Nevertheless, the continuity of the Chinese trajectory is currently threatened by the crisis-prone process of globalization.

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    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Discussion Paper with number 10/1.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgd:101

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    1. Christine Wong, 2007. "Budget Reform in China," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 7(1), pages 1-24.
    2. Boyer, Robert, 2005. "How and Why Capitalisms Differ," MPIfG Discussion Paper 05/4, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    3. Lane, Philip R. & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2007. "The international financial integration of China and India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4132, The World Bank.
    4. L. Alan Winters & Shahid Yusuf, 2007. "Dancing with the Giants: China, India, and the Global Economy," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6632, August.
    5. Burawoy, Michael, 1996. "The state and economic involution: Russia through a China lens," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 1105-1117, June.
    6. Amable, Bruno, 2003. "The Diversity of Modern Capitalism," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199261147, September.
    7. Li, Shaomin & Li, Shuhe & Zhang, Weiying, 2000. "The Road to Capitalism: Competition and Institutional Change in China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 269-292, June.
    8. H. Yeung, 2006. "Change and Continuity in Southeast Asian Ethnic Chinese Business," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 229-254, September.
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