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Tarifverträge - nein danke!? Einflussfaktoren der Tarifbindung west- und ostdeutscher Betriebe


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  • Kohaut, Susanne
  • Schnabel, Claus


Eine Auswertung repräsentativer Daten des IAB-Betriebspanels zeigt, dass im Jahr 2000 knapp die Hälfte der westdeutschen, aber nur gut ein Viertel der ostdeutschen Betriebe durch Flächen- oder Firmentarifverträge gebunden waren, wobei die Flächentarifbindung in den letzten Jahren rückläufig war. Theoretische Erklärungen betonen u.a. die Bedeutung von Transaktionskostenaspekten und von verschiedenen mikro- und makroökonomischen Veränderungen. Ökonometrische Analysen zeigen, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Tarifbindung mit der Betriebsgröße und dem Anteil qualifizierter Mitarbeiter zunimmt. Filialbetriebe neigen häufiger, Einzelunternehmen und Personengesellschaften sowie jüngere Betriebe seltener zu tariflichen Regelungen. Größere Betriebe, Filialbetriebe und solche mit Betriebsrat ziehen sich auch seltener aus Flächentarifverträgen zurück. -- An empirical analysis with representative data from the IAB establishment panel shows that in 2000 just one out of two establishments in western Germany and only one out of four establishments in eastern Germany were covered by industry-wide or firm-specific collective agreements. Industry-wide coverage rates have fallen in recent years. Theoretical explanations point, inter alia, to transaction cost considerations and to micro- and macroeconomic changes. Econometric analyses indicate that the probability of being bound by a collective agreement rises with establishment size and with the share of qualified employees. Branch plants are more likely, family-name firms and newly founded firms are less likely to be bound by such agreements. Larger establishments, branch plants and establishments with works councils are also less likely to withdraw from industry-wide agreements.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 8.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:8

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Related research

Keywords: Tarifautonomie; Tarifbindung; Arbeitsbeziehungen;

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Cited by:
  1. Robert Orlowski & Regina T. Riphahn, 2009. "The East German Wage Structure after Transition," Working Papers 073, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE).
  2. Addison, John T. & Bellmann, Lutz & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2002. "German works councils old and new: incidence, coverage and determinants," Discussion Papers 10, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  3. John T. Addison & Alex Bryson & Paulino Teixeira & André Pahnke & Lutz Bellmann, 2009. "The Extent of Collective Bargaining and Workplace Representation: Transitions between States and their Determinants. A Comparative Analysis of Germany and Great Britain," GEMF Working Papers 2009-14, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  4. John T. Addison & Paulino Teixeira & Alex Bryson & André Pahnke, 2013. "Collective Agreement Status and Survivability: Change and Persistence in the German Model," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 27(3), pages 288-309, 09.
  5. Laszlo Goerke & Markus Pannenberg, 2004. "Norm-Based Trade Union Membership: Evidence for Germany," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 5(4), pages 481-504, November.
  6. Justus Haucap & Uwe Pauly & Christian Wey, 2006. "A Cartel Analysis of the German Labor Institutions and Its Implications for Labor Market Reforms," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 651, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  7. Streeck, Wolfgang & Rehder, Britta, 2003. "Der Flächentarifvertrag: Krise, Stabilität und Wandel," MPIfG Working Paper 03/6, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.


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