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Sind mittelständische Betriebe der Jobmotor der deutschen Wirtschaft?

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  • Wagner, Joachim
  • Koller, Lena
  • Schnabel, Claus

Abstract

In public discussion in Germany it is often argued that jobs are mainly created in small and medium-sized firms (i.e. the "Mittelstand"), whereas large firms tend to reduce their number of jobs. An empirical analysis for the period 1999 to 2005 with data of all western and eastern German firms that have at least one employee covered by social insurance shows that the "job engine Mittelstand" hypothesis is too undifferenciated. While small and medium-sized firms contribute more than proportionally to job growth, they are also heavily involved in job losses. In contrast, large firms with 250 employees and more record shares of job growth and destruction which are lower than their share in employment. This implies that economic policy measures which focus on certain size classes of firms cannot be justified by superior employment growth in these size classes. -- In der öffentlichen Diskussion in Deutschland wird häufig die These vertreten, dass Arbeitsplätze vorwiegend in kleinen und mittleren Firmen geschaffen werden, während die großen Firmen vor allem Arbeitsplätze abbauen. Eine empirische Überprüfung für den Zeitraum 1999 bis 2005 mit Daten aller west- und ostdeutschen Betriebe, die mindestens einen sozialversicherungspflichtig Beschäftigten haben, zeigt, dass die These vom alleinigen "Jobmotor Mittelstand" viel zu undifferenziert ist. In mittelständischen Unternehmen werden zwar überproportional viele Arbeitsplätze geschaffen, aber auch überproportional viele abgebaut. Großbetriebe mit 250 und mehr Beschäftigten weisen dagegen sowohl bei der Schaffung als auch beim Abbau von Arbeitsplätzen geringere Werte auf als es ihrem Beschäftigungsanteil entspräche. Wirtschaftspolitische Maßnahmen, die sich an der Zuordnung eines Unternehmens zu einer Größenklasse orientieren, lassen sich somit nicht mit einem besonders ausgeprägten Beitrag der Firmen aus dieser Größenklasse zum Beschäftigungswachstum rechtfertigen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 54.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:54

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Cited by:
  1. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:41:i:2/3:p:199-221 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Markus Groth, 2008. "An empirical examination of repeated auctions for biodiversity conservation contracts," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 78, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  3. Maik Heinemann, 2008. "Messung und Darstellung von Ungleichheit," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 108, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  4. Haunschild, Ljuba & May-Strobl, Eva, 2009. "Arbeitsplatzdynamik und nachhaltige Beschäftigungswirkungen in kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen: Eine empirische Untersuchung auf Basis des Umsatzsteuerpanels für die Jahre 2001 bis 2005," Working Papers 06/09, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
  5. Bauer, Thomas K. & Schmucker, Alexandra & Vorell, Matthias, 2008. "KMU und Arbeitsplatzdynamik: Eine Analyse auf Basis der Beschäftigten-Historik (SMEs and employment dynamics: an analysis based on the Employee History)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(2/3), pages 199-221.
  6. Markus Groth, 2008. "Kosteneffizienter und effektiver Biodiversitätsschutz durch Ausschreibungen und eine ergebnisorientierte Honorierung: Das Modelprojekt „Blühendes Steinburg“," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 105, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  7. Markus Groth, 2008. "Private ex-ante transaction costs for repeated biodiversity conservation auctions: a case study," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 84, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

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