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A panel co-integration analysis of industrial and services sectors' agglomeration in the European Union

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  • Krenz, Astrid

Abstract

This study empirically investigates the relevance of Traditional Trade Theory, New Trade Theory and New Economic Geography in explaining industrial and services sectors' agglomeration in the European Union. Therefore, new dynamic panel data estimation techniques will be employed. Static panel data analysis reveals that assumptions of New Trade Theory and New Economic Geography can explain industrial concentration in the EU best. Results from dynamic panel OLS show that intermediate goods' intensity and therewith New Economic Geography's assumptions are important in explaining both industrial and services sectors' agglomeration. Several non-stationarity and co-integration relationships can be detected. Further, decomposition of effects across and within sectors is provided. Scale economies are only important for across industries' variation in agglomeration, not within. For services sectors' agglomeration results show that intermediate goods intensity matters only for within and not across industries' variation in agglomeration. Further evidence for intrasectoral trade explaining equalizing economic structures for services sectors is given. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Goettingen, Department of Economics in its series Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers with number 146.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:146

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Related research

Keywords: panel co-integration; agglomeration; industries; services;

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  1. Karl Aiginger & Wolfgang Leitner, 2002. "Regional concentration in the United States and Europe: Who follows whom?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 138(4), pages 652-679, December.
  2. Redding, Stephen J., 2009. "The Empirics of New Economic Geography," CEPR Discussion Papers 7307, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," NBER Working Papers 5098, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Levin, Andrew & Lin, Chien-Fu & James Chu, Chia-Shang, 2002. "Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 1-24, May.
  5. Choi, In, 2001. "Unit root tests for panel data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 249-272, April.
  6. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
  7. Amiti, Mary, 1998. "New Trade Theories and Industrial Location in the EU: A Survey of Evidence," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(2), pages 45-53, Summer.
  8. Pasaran, M.H. & Im, K.S. & Shin, Y., 1995. "Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9526, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  9. Marius Brülhart, 2001. "Evolving geographical concentration of European manufacturing industries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 137(2), pages 215-243, June.
  10. repec:fth:iniesr:430 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Zheng, Xiao-Ping, 2010. "A cointegration analysis of dynamic externalities," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 130-140, March.
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