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Does Classical Competition Explain the Statistical Features of Firm Growth?

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  • Alfarano, Simone
  • Milaković, Mishael

Abstract

We express the idea of classical competition in a statistical equilibrium model, where the tendency for competition to equalize profit rates results in an exponential power (or Subbotin) distribution. The model supports and extends recent evidence on the Laplace distribution of growth rates in firm size. We also find tent-shaped distributions in the size growth rates of Forbes Global 2000 companies, which we interpret as preliminary evidence in favor of the hypothesis that classical competition is a globally operating mechanism. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics in its series Economics Working Papers with number 2008,03.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:cauewp:7022

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Keywords: Statistical equilibrium; classical competition; maximum entropy; profit rates; firm growth rates; Subbotin distribution; Laplace distribution;

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References

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  1. Mishael Milakovic & Carolina Castaldi, 2004. "Turnover Activity in Wealth Portfolios," Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 120, Society for Computational Economics.
  2. Bottazzi, Giulio & Secchi, Angelo, 2003. "Why are distributions of firm growth rates tent-shaped?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(3), pages 415-420, September.
  3. F. Pammolli & D. Fu & S. V. Buldyrev & M. Riccaboni & K. Matia & K. Yamasaki & H. E. Stanley, 2007. "A generalized preferential attachment model for business firms growth rates," The European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems, Springer, vol. 57(2), pages 127-130, 05.
  4. repec:rje:randje:v:37:y:2006:2:p:235-256 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Smith, Adam, 1776. "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations," History of Economic Thought Books, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, number smith1776.
  6. Giulio Bottazzi & Angelo Secchi, 2005. "Explaining the Distribution of Firms Growth Rates," LEM Papers Series 2005/16, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  7. Giulio Bottazzi & Giovanni Dosi & Marco Lippi & Fabio Pammolli & Massimo Riccaboni, 2001. "Innovation and Corporate Growth in the Evolution of the Drug Industry," LEM Papers Series 2001/02, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  8. Gatti, Domenico Delli & Guilmi, Corrado Di & Gaffeo, Edoardo & Giulioni, Gianfranco & Gallegati, Mauro & Palestrini, Antonio, 2005. "A new approach to business fluctuations: heterogeneous interacting agents, scaling laws and financial fragility," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 489-512, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. repec:hal:cesptp:hal-00642696 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Alfarano, Simone & Milaković, Mishael & Irle, Albrecht & Kauschke, Jonas, 2012. "A statistical equilibrium model of competitive firms," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 136-149.
  3. Giulio Bottazzi & Angelo Secchi, 2011. "A new class of asymmetric exponential power densities with applications to economics and finance," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(4), pages 991-1030, August.
  4. Sylvain Barde, 2012. "Back to the future: economic rationality and maximum entropy prediction," Studies in Economics 1202, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  5. Matthias Duschl & Thomas Brenner, 2011. "Characteristics of Regional Industry-specific Employment Growth – Empirical Evidence for Germany," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2011-07, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  6. Wagner, Friedrich & Milaković, Mishael & Alfarano, Simone, 2010. "Firm profitability and the network of organizational capabilities," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(21), pages 4769-4775.
  7. Einar Jón Erlingsson & Simone Alfarano & Marco Raberto & Hlynur Stefánssonn, 2012. "On the distributional properties of size, profit and growth of Icelandic firms," Working Papers 2012/01, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
  8. Cohen, Morrel H. & Eliazar, Iddo I., 2013. "Econophysical visualization of Adam Smith’s invisible hand," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(4), pages 813-823.
  9. Eliazar, Iddo I. & Cohen, Morrel H., 2013. "On the physical interpretation of statistical data from black-box systems," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(13), pages 2924-2939.
  10. Mundt, Philipp & Förster, Niels & Alfarano, Simone & Milakovi?, Mishael, 2014. "The real versus the financial economy: A global tale of stability versus volatility," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 8(17), pages 1-26.
  11. Eliazar, Iddo & Sokolov, Igor M., 2010. "Maximization of statistical heterogeneity: From Shannon’s entropy to Gini’s index," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(16), pages 3023-3038.

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