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Prognose mit nichtparametrischen Verfahren

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  • Härdle, Wolfgang Karl
  • Chen, Ying
  • Schulz, Rainer

Abstract

Statistische Prognosen basieren auf der Annahme, dass ein funktionaler Zusammenhang zwischen der zu prognostizierenden Variable y und anderen dimensionalen beobachtbaren Variablen x=(x1,...,xj)t – Rj besteht. Kann der funktionale Zusammenhang geschätzt werden, so kann im Prinzip für jedes x der zugehörige y Wert prognostiziert werden. Bei den meisten Anwendungen wird angenommen, dass der funktionale Zusammenhang einem niedrigdimensionalen parametrischen Modell entspricht oder durch dieses zumindest gut wiedergegeben wird. Ein Beispiel im bivariaten Fall ist das lineare Modell y=b(0)+b(1)x. Sind die beiden unbekannten Parameter b(0) und b(1) mit Hilfe historischer Daten geschätzt, so lässt sich für jedes gegebene x sofort der zugehörige y Wert prognostizieren. Allerdings besteht hierbei die Gefahr, dass der wirkliche funktionale Zusammenhang nicht dem gewählten Modell entspricht. Dies kann in Folge zu schlechten Prognosen führen. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Center for Applied Statistics and Economics (CASE) in its series Papers with number 2004,07.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:caseps:200407

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References

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  1. Wolfgang Haerdle & Helmut Herwartz & Volodia Spokoiny, 2000. "Time Inhomogeneous Multiple Volatility Modelling," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1429, Econometric Society.
  2. repec:wop:humbsf:2000-51 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Parkinson, Michael, 1980. "The Extreme Value Method for Estimating the Variance of the Rate of Return," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 61-65, January.
  4. Ser-Huang Poon & Clive W.J. Granger, 2003. "Forecasting Volatility in Financial Markets: A Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(2), pages 478-539, June.
  5. Wolfgang HÄRDLE & H. LÜTKEPOHL & R. CHEN, 1996. "A Review of Nonparametric Time Series Analysis," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1996,48, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  6. Michael W. Brandt & Francis X. Diebold, 2001. "A No-Arbitrage Approach to Range-Based Estimation of Return Covariances and Correlations," PIER Working Paper Archive 03-013, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, revised 01 Apr 2003.
  7. Francis X. Diebold & James M. Nason, 1989. "Nonparametric exchange rate prediction?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 81, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Härdle, Wolfgang & Tschernig, Rolf, 2000. "Flexible time series analysis," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 2000,51, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
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Cited by:
  1. Christian Basteck & Tijmen R. Daniëls, 2010. "Every Symmetric 3 x 3 Global Game of Strategic Complementarities Is Noise Independent," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-061, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  2. Borak, Szymon & Misiorek, Adam & Weron, Rafal, 2010. "Models for Heavy-tailed Asset Returns," MPRA Paper 25494, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Agnieszka Janek & Tino Kluge & Rafal Weron & Uwe Wystup, 2010. "FX Smile in the Heston Model," Papers 1010.1617, arXiv.org.
  4. Ralf Sabiwalsky, 2010. "Executive Compensation Regulation and the Dynamics of the Pay-Performance Sensitivity," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-051, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  5. Nikolaus Hautsch & Peter Malec & Melanie Schienle, 2013. "Capturing the Zero: A New Class of Zero-Augmented Distributions and Multiplicative Error Processes," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 12(1), pages 89-121, December.
  6. Enno Mammen & Christoph Rothe & Melanie Schienle, 2010. "Nonparametric Regression with Nonparametrically Generated Covariates," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-059, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  7. Vladimir Panov, 2010. "Estimation of the signal subspace without estimation of the inverse covariance matrix," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-050, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  8. Franziska Schulze, 2010. "Spatial Dependencies in German Matching Functions," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-054, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  9. Maria Grith & Volker Krätschmer, 2010. "Parametric estimation of risk neutral density functions," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-045, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  10. Nicole Wiebach & Lutz Hildebrandt, 2010. "Context Effects as Customer Reaction on Delisting of Brands," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-056, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.

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