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National and international income dispersion and aggregate expenditures

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Author Info

  • Carmen Fillat

    ()
    (Department of Applied Economics and Economic History. University of Zaragoza.)

  • Joseph Francois

    (Tinbergen Institute Rotterdam and Center for Economic Policy Research-CEPR.)

Abstract

We examine linkages between aggregate household income, distribution of that income, and aggregate cross-country expenditure patterns. We are able to decompose income effects into international income dispersion effects (from variations in average income) and national income dispersion (income distribution) effects. This yields insights for relevant aggregate household specifications in computational policy models emphasizing household distribution of income. This also yields a consumption-pattern based inequality index that summarizes the projection of inequality through expenditure patterns. Estimation of flexible demand systems with representative expenditures (which reflects income distribution within countries) yields a significant relationship between representative consumption and cross-country demand patterns.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number dt2004-06.

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Date of creation: Jun 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2004-06

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Postal: Gran via, 2 50005 Zaragoza
Fax: 976 76 19 96
Web page: http://www.dteconz.unizar.es/
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Keywords: income distribution; aggregate demand; demand system estimation; Engel curves;

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References

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  1. Joseph F. Francois & Hugo Rojas-Romagosa, 2005. "The Construction and Interpretation of Combined Cross-Section and Time-Series Inequality Datasets," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-079/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Atkinson, A B, 1997. "Bringing Income Distribution in from the Cold," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(441), pages 297-321, March.
  3. Cogneau, Denis & Robilliard, Anne-Sophie, 2000. "Growth, distribution and poverty in Madagascar," TMD discussion papers 61, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. Elena Ianchovichina & Alessandro Nicita & Isidro Soloaga, 2002. "Trade Reform and Poverty: The Case of Mexico," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(7), pages 945-972, 07.
  5. Francois, Joseph F & Kaplan, Seth, 1996. "Aggregate Demand Shifts, Income Distribution, and the Linder Hypothesis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(2), pages 244-50, May.
  6. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-26, June.
  7. Hertel, Thomas W. & Maros Ivanic & Paul Preckel & John Cranfield, 2004. "The Earnings Effects of Multilateral Trade Liberalization: Implications for Poverty in Developing Countries," GTAP Working Papers 1208, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  8. Van Hoa, Tran & Ironmonger, D. S. & Manning, I., 1983. "Energy consumption in Australia : Evidence from a generalized working model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 12(3-4), pages 383-389.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Lilas Demmou, 2007. "Technical progress in North and welfare gains in South under nonhomothetic preferences," Working Papers halshs-00588310, HAL.
  2. Lilas Demmou, 2010. "Le recul de l’emploi industriel en France entre 1980 et 2007. Ampleur et principaux déterminants : un état des lieux," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 438(1), pages 273-296.
  3. Raúl Serrano & Vicente Pinilla, 2013. "New directions of trade for the agri-food industry: a disaggregated approach for different income countries, 1963-2000," Documentos de Trabajo dt2013-02, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.

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