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Project Monitoring and Banking Competition under Adverse Selection

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Author Info

  • Vesa Kanniainen
  • Rune Stenbacka

Abstract

We develop an analysis of ex ante monitoring of risky projects in banking. If protected from competition, banks are more concerned about not catching good risk projects when the perceived state of the economy improves, while they are more concerned about being induced to finance bad risk projects when conditions deteriorate. A monopoly bank provides the socially optimal ex ante monitoring of good risks, but is too conservative with regard to bad risks. Competition between banks is shown to undermine the incentives to avoid decision errors regarding both good and bad risk projects providing too limited monitoring effort from society's point of view. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG - (Projektsteuerung und Bankenwettbewerb bei adverser Selektion) In dem Beitrag wird ein Modell zur Auswahl von risikobehafteten Projekten durch Banken entwickelt. Wenn Banken vor Wettbewerb geschützt werden, dann legen sie unter guten wirtschaftlichen Bedingungen mehr Wert darauf sich keine Projekte mit gutem Risiko entgehen zu lassen, wohingegen sie, wenn sich die Bedingungen verschlechtern eher darauf achten keine schlechten Projekte zu finanzieren. Eine monopolistische Bank leistet die sozial-optimale Auswahl guter Risiken, aber die Selektion ist zu konservativ im Hinblick auf schlechte Risiken. Es wird gezeigt, daß Wettbewerb zwischen den Banken dazu führt, daß die Anreize fehlerhafte Entscheidung zu vermeiden sowohl im Hinblick auf Projekte mit guten als auch für Projekte mit schlechten Risiken zu gering sind. Die gesellschaftliche Wohlfahrt sinkt, weil Banken zu wenig in Projektauswahl investieren.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG) in its series CIG Working Papers with number FS IV 97-23.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Oct 1997
Date of revision: Oct 1998
Handle: RePEc:wzb:wzebiv:fsiv97-23

Note: At the moment we only have a copy of the revised version. We apologize if this causes any complications. We are working at recreating the original.
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Related research

Keywords: bank monitoring; adverse selection; banking competition; banking crisis;

References

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  1. Boyd, John H & Smith, Bruce D, 1993. "The Equilibrium Allocation of Investment Capital in the Presence of Adverse Selection and Costly State Verification," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 3(3), pages 427-51, July.
  2. Diamond, Douglas W, 1984. "Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 393-414, July.
  3. Yuk-Shee Chan & Stuart I. Greenbaum & Anjan V. Thakor, 2004. "Information Reusability, Competition and Bank Asset Quality," Finance 0411049, EconWPA.
  4. Broecker, Thorsten, 1990. "Credit-Worthiness Tests and Interbank Competition," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(2), pages 429-52, March.
  5. Akerlof, George A, 1970. "The Market for 'Lemons': Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 84(3), pages 488-500, August.
  6. Diamond, Douglas W, 1991. "Monitoring and Reputation: The Choice between Bank Loans and Directly Placed Debt," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(4), pages 689-721, August.
  7. Arnoud W. A. Boot & Anjan V. Thakor, 2000. "Can Relationship Banking Survive Competition?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(2), pages 679-713, 04.
  8. De Meza, David & Webb, David C., 1988. "Credit market efficiency and tax policy in the presence of screening costs," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 1-22, June.
  9. Gerhard Clemenz & Mona Ritthaler, 1992. "Credit markets with asymmetric information : a survey," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 5(1), pages 12-26, Spring.
  10. Franklin Allen & Andrew Winton, . "Corporate Financial Structure, Incentives and Optimal Contracting (Reprint 049)," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 15-94, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
  11. Bester, Helmut, 1985. "Screening vs. Rationing in Credit Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 850-55, September.
  12. Caminal, Ramón & Matutes, Carmen, 1997. "Can Competition in the Credit Market be Excessive?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1725, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Cited by:
  1. Caminal, Ramón & Matutes, Carmen, 1997. "Can Competition in the Credit Market be Excessive?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1725, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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