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German Industrial Structure in Comparative Perspective (Only in German language!)

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  • Catherine Matraves

Abstract

A new literature emerged in the early 1990’s which emphasised the notion that institutional differences across countries are crucial in shaping technological change. Within the EU, there has been a significant liberalisation of trade over the past decade; the dynamics of the Single European Market (SEM) were expected to have a substantial impact on competition, efficiency and innovation. This paper first analyses the structure of manufacturing within the EU in 1987, comparing the largest national market, Germany, against the other member states. Second, we analyse R&D expenditure and export market shares, discussing how differences between national institutional frameworks may impact on the innovation strategies that domestic firms follow. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG - (Die deutsche Industriestruktur im internationalen Vergleich) Forschungsarbeiten der frühen neunziger Jahre betonen stark das Konzept, nach dem institutionelle Unterschiede zwischen einzelnen Ländern entscheidend für den technischen Wandel sind. In der Europäischen Union erfolgte im letzten Jahrzehnt eine umfassende Handelsliberalisierung; es wurde allgemein erwartet, daß die Dynamik des Europäischen Binnenmarktes nachhaltigen Einfluß auf Wettbewerb, Effizienz und Innovation ausüben würde. Im Rahmen dieser Studie werden zunächst die Strukturen des verarbeitenden Gewerbes in der Europäischen Union im Jahr 1987 analysiert, indem der größte nationale Markt, der bundesdeutsche, mit denen der anderen Mitgliedsländer verglichen wird. Danach werden die Ausgaben für Forschung und Entwicklung und die Exportanteile daraufhin untersucht, inwieweit nationale Unterschiede in den institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen die Innovationsstrategien der einheimischen Unternehmen beeinflussen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG) in its series CIG Working Papers with number FS IV 97-10.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: May 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wzb:wzebiv:fsiv97-10

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  1. Cohen, Wesley M & Levinthal, Daniel A, 1989. "Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R&D," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 569-96, September.
  2. Patel, Pari, 1995. "Localised Production of Technology for Global Markets," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 141-53, February.
  3. Metcalfe, J S, 1995. "Technology Systems and Technology Policy in an Evolutionary Framework," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 25-46, February.
  4. Schmalensee, Richard, 1992. "Sunk Costs and Market Structure: A Review Article," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(2), pages 125-34, June.
  5. Davies, Stephen & Lyons, Bruce, 1996. "Industrial Organization in the European Union: Structure, Strategy, and the Competitive Mechanism," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198289739.
  6. Audretsch, David B, 1995. "The Innovation, Unemployment and Competitiveness Challenge in Germany," CEPR Discussion Papers 1152, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Shaked, Avner & Sutton, John, 1983. "Natural Oligopolies," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(5), pages 1469-83, September.
  8. Guerrieri, Paolo & Milana, Carlo, 1995. "Changes and Trends in the World Trade in High-Technology Products," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 225-42, February.
  9. Archibugi, Daniele & Michie, Jonathan, 1995. "The Globalisation of Technology: A New Taxonomy," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 121-40, February.
  10. Shaked, Avner & Sutton, John, 1987. "Product Differentiation and Industrial Structure," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(2), pages 131-46, December.
  11. Soete, Luc, 1987. "The impact of technological innovation on international trade patterns: The evidence reconsidered," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 101-130, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Christel Lane & Jocelyn Probert, 2003. "Globalisation and Its Impact on Competitiveness: the Case of the British and German Pharmaceutical Industry," ESRC Centre for Business Research - Working Papers wp262, ESRC Centre for Business Research.
  2. Soskice, David, 1996. "German technology policy, innovation, and national institutional frameworks," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Economic Change and Employment FS I 96-319, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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