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Foreign Bank Penetration and Private Sector Credit in Central and Eastern Europe

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  • Ralph de Haas

    (De Nederlandsche Bank)

  • Iman van Lelyveld

    (De Nederlandsche Bank)

Abstract

We analyse foreign bank penetration in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)and its influence on private sector credit,taking into account both cross-border credit and credit by foreign bank subsidiaries. By combining BIS and BankScope data into a unique database we make a clear distinction between these credit categories.We show that the relative importance of foreign bank subsidiaries has increased considerably during recent years.However,in Hungary and Poland foreign banks were also important during the first transition years,as they provided substantial amounts of cross-border credit.We do not find evidence of foreign banks deserting CEE during financial crises or economic downturns.Although cross-border credit did decrease during some periods,foreign banks expanded the credit supply of their subsidiaries simultaneously.This may be an important consideration for (transition)countries that still have to decide whether to open up their markets to foreign bank subsidiaries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series International Finance with number 0209002.

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Date of creation: 16 Sep 2002
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Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpif:0209002

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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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Keywords: foreign banks; cross-border credit; transition economies;

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  1. Jennifer S. Crystal & B. Gerard Dages & Linda S. Goldberg, 2002. "Has foreign bank entry led to sounder banks in Latin America?," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 8(Jan).
  2. Claessens, Stijn & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 1998. "How does foreign entry affect the domestic banking market?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1918, The World Bank.
  3. Peek, Joe & Rosengren, Eric S, 1997. "The International Transmission of Financial Shocks: The Case of Japan," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 495-505, September.
  4. Fernando J. Cardim de Carvalho, 2000. "New competitive strategies of foreign banks in large emerging economies: the case of Brazil," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 53(213), pages 135-169.
  5. McKinnon, Ronald I & Pill, Huw, 1997. "Credible Economic Liberalizations and Overborrowing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 189-93, May.
  6. Linda Goldberg & B. Gerard Dages & Daniel Kinney, 2000. "Foreign and Domestic Bank Participation in Emerging Markets: Lessons from Mexico and Argentina," NBER Working Papers 7714, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Hermes, Niels & Lensink, Robert, 2001. "The impact of foreign bank entry on domestic banking markets: a note," Research Report 01E62, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
  8. Claessens, Stijn & Demirguc-Kunt, Asl[iota] & Huizinga, Harry, 2001. "How does foreign entry affect domestic banking markets?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 891-911, May.
  9. Schardax, Franz & Reininger, Thomas & Summer, Martin, 2001. "The Financial System in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland after a Decade of Transition," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2001,16, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
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