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Time Limits

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  • Robert A. Moffitt
  • LaDonna Pavetti

Abstract

The authors discuss a number of issues related to time limits on benefit receipt. Although time limits have a very short history as a serious policy alternative to welfare reform development of the 1990's, the authors review scant existing evidence to raise several important discussions. The authors discuss some of the calculations of the fraction of AFDC caselolad that has been projected to hit time limits. They also discuss the theoretical models of time limits and what those models have to say about the effects of time limits on individual earnings, work effort and family income. Also included within the paper is a discussion of how the time limits that have been implemented to date differ from textbook "hard" time limits, and the authors discuss the implications of these differences. Finally, the authors discuss the evidence to date on what effects of time limits have been shown to be. Since PRWORA legislation was enacted in August 1996, there are few findings on time limits, partly because five years have not yet transpired since 1996 and the authors look at studies of the effects of state waivers with time limit provisions which began before 1996. Reviewing the existing literature, the authors offer their judgement of the effects of time limits and the effect of time limits independent of other programmatic and economic forces occurring simultaneously.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research in its series JCPR Working Papers with number 91.

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Date of creation: 01 May 1999
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Handle: RePEc:wop:jopovw:91

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References

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  1. Danziger, Sheldon & Haveman, Robert & Plotnick, Robert, 1981. "How Income Transfer Programs Affect Work, Savings, and the Income Distribution: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 19(3), pages 975-1028, September.
  2. Greg Duncan & Kathleen Mullan Harris & Johanne Boisjoly, 1997. "Time Limits and Welfare Reform: New Estimates of the Number and Characteristics of Affected Families," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 1, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  3. Greg J. Duncan & Kathleen Mullan Harris & Johanne Boisjoly, . "Time Limits and Welfare Reform: New Estimates of the Number and Characteristics of Affected Families," IPR working papers 97-3, Institute for Policy Resarch at Northwestern University.
  4. J. P. Ziliak & D. N. Figlio & E. E. Davis & L. S. Connolly, . "Accounting for the Decline in AFDC Caseloads: Welfare Reform or Economic Growth?," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1151-97, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
  5. Christopher A. Swann, 2005. "Welfare Reform When Recipients Are Forward-Looking," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 40(1).
  6. Kesselman, Jonathan R., 1976. "Tax effects on job search, training, and work effort," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 255-272, October.
  7. Moffitt, Robert, 1985. "Unemployment insurance and the distribution of unemployment spells," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 85-101, April.
  8. Rebecca M. Blank, 1999. "What Goes Up Must Come Down? Explaining Recent Changes in Public Assistance Caseloads," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 78, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  9. David T. Ellwood, 1986. "Targeting "Would-Be" Long-Term Recipients of AFDC," Mathematica Policy Research Reports, Mathematica Policy Research 652, Mathematica Policy Research.
  10. David N. Figlio & James P. Ziliak, 1999. "Welfare Reform, the Business Cycle, and the Decline in AFDC Caseloads," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 77, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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Cited by:
  1. Robert A. Moffitt & David Stevens, 2001. "Changing Caseloads: Macro Influences and Micro Composition," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 218, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  2. Jeffrey Grogger, 2001. "The Effects of Time Limits and Other Policy Changes on Welfare Use, Work, and Income Among Female-Headed Families," NBER Working Papers 8153, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Christopher A. Swann, 2004. "Welfare Reform when Recipients are Forward-Looking," Department of Economics Working Papers, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics 04-04, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
  4. Jeff Grogger, 2000. "Time Limits and Welfare Use," NBER Working Papers 7709, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. David C Ribar & John M Fitgerald, 2003. "The Impact of Welfare Waivers on Female Headship Decisions," Working Papers 03-03, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.

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