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Endogenous Growth, Efficency Wages, and Persistent Unemployment

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  • Martin Zagler

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics & B.A.)

Abstract

This paper establishes theoretical relations between the level of unemployment and the economic growth rate. In a model with a monopolistically competitive manufacturing sector and a competitive innovation sector, which both pay efficiency wages, we find that the unemployment rate exhibits an unambiguously negative impact on the long-run growth performance, as it reduces the innovative capacity of the economy. Only if efficiency levels are different across sectors, we can also establish a causal relation from the growth rate to the rate of unemployment, since less innovation shifts the burden to induce efficiency towards the manufacturing sector, thus fostering unemployment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number wuwp066.

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Date of creation: Sep 1999
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp066

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Web page: http://www.wu.ac.at/economics/en

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Keywords: Endogenous Growth; Product Innovation; Equilibrium Unemployment; Efficiency Wages.;

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References

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  1. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1991. "Growth and Unemployment," CEPR Discussion Papers 577, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1990. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3541, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Endogenous Technological Change," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2135, David K. Levine.
  4. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 1991. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284345, September.
  5. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
  6. Wadhwani, Sushil & Wall, Martin, 1990. "The Effects of Profit-Sharing on Employment, Wages, Stock Returns and Productivity: Evidence from UK Micro-data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(399), pages 1-17, March.
  7. Nickell, Stephen & Kong, Paul, 1992. "An investigation into the power of insiders in wage determination," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 1573-1599, December.
  8. Anton B. T. M. Van Schaik & Henri L. F. De Groot, 1998. "Unemployment and Endogenous Growth," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 12(2), pages 189-219, 07.
  9. Akerlof, George A & Yellen, Janet L, 1990. "The Fair Wage-Effort Hypothesis and Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(2), pages 255-83, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Fellner, Gerlinde & Sutter, Matthias, 2005. "Causes, consequences, and cures of myopic loss aversion - An experimental investigation," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 171, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
  2. Leopold Soegner & Alfred Stiassny, 2000. "A Cross-Country Study on Okun's Law," Working Papers geewp13, Vienna University of Economics Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.
  3. Aleksandra Riedl & Silvia Rocha-Akis, 2008. "Testing the tax competition theory: How elastic are national tax bases in Western Europe?," Working Papers 142, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  4. Engelbert Stockhammer & Paul Ramskogler, 2007. "Uncertainty and exploitation in history," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp104, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  5. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner & Klaus Prettner, 2009. "Agglomeration and population aging in a two region model of exogenous growth," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp125, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  6. Annemarie Steidl & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2007. "Coming and leaving. Internal mobility in late Imperial Austria," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp107, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  7. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner, 2010. "Demographic change, growth and agglomeration," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp132, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  8. Özlem Onaran, 2007. "International financial markets and fragility in the Eastern Europe: "can it happen" here?," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp108, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  9. Engelbert Stockhammer & Paul Ramskogler, 2009. "Post-Keynesian economics How to move forward," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar, vol. 6(2), pages 227-246.
  10. Pasquale Commendatore & Ingrid Kubin & Carmelo Petraglia, 2007. "Footloose capital and productive public services," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp111, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.

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