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A structural analysis on Gravity of Trade regarding the possibility to remove distance from the model

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  • Rodolfo Metulini

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Abstract

The Gravity Model is the workhorse for empirical studies in International Economies and it is commonly used in explaining the trade flow between countries. Recently, several studies have showed the importance of taking into account the spatial effect. The standard procedure until now was to account the transport cost using geographical distance as a proxy, and the spatial effect trough a weighted matrix constructed on inverse distance. Two issues follow from this standard procedure: the first regards the biasness of the distance if used as a proxy of the transport costs, the second is related to the collinearity emerging if we use distance twice. So, several attempt were made in the recent literature having the scope of remove the distance. We propose a theoretically consistent procedure based on Anderson, Van Wincoop derivation model, and some ad-hoc tests, relating to this attempt. The empirical results based on a 22-years panel of OECD countries are conforting, and they allow us to estimate the model without the distance, if properly replaced by a set of fixed effects.

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File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa13/ERSA2013_paper_00520.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa13p520.

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Date of creation: Nov 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa13p520

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Related research

Keywords: Spatial Econometrics; Gravity Model; International trade; trade cost; multilateral resistance terms; fixed effects.;

References

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  1. Jan Mutl & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2011. "The Hausman test in a Cliff and Ord panel model," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 14(1), pages 48-76, February.
  2. Thierry Mayer & Keith Head, 2002. "Illusory Border Effects: Distance Mismeasurement Inflates Estimates of Home Bias in Trade," Working Papers 2002-01, CEPII research center.
  3. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2003. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(1), pages 170-192, March.
  4. Baldwin, Richard & Taglioni, Daria, 2006. "Gravity for Dummies and Dummies for Gravity Equations," CEPR Discussion Papers 5850, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Christopher Adam & David Cobham, 2007. "Exchange Rate Regimes And Trade," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 75(s1), pages 44-63, 09.
  6. James E. Anderson & Yoto V. Yotov, 2010. "The Changing Incidence of Geography," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(5), pages 2157-86, December.
  7. Egger, Peter & Pfaffermayr, Michael, 2004. "The impact of bilateral investment treaties on foreign direct investment," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 788-804, December.
  8. Heejoon Kang & Michele Fratianni, 2006. "International Trade Efficiency, the Gravity Equation, and the Stochastic Frontier," Working Papers 2006-08, Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy.
  9. Andrew K. Rose, 2000. "One money, one market: the effect of common currencies on trade," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 15(30), pages 7-46, 04.
  10. James P. LeSage & R. Kelley Pace, 2008. "Spatial Econometric Modeling Of Origin-Destination Flows," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(5), pages 941-967.
  11. James E. Anderson & Yoto V. Yotov, 2010. "Specialization: Pro- and Anti-globalizing, 1990-2002," NBER Working Papers 16301, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," NBER Working Papers 10480, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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