Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Economic and competence regions: a descriptive analysis of Danish regions

Contents:

Author Info

  • Knudsen, Mette Praest

    ()

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    The prosperity of the capital city and surrounding area has been used as one fundamental argument for localisation of large foreign companies. But recent research on regional systems of innovation has emphasised, not just the structure of the system, like strong educational institutions, better transportation systems and access to political actors, but also the local knowledge base as determinants. Today, the structural factors are less important in part because of ICT, but also because policy initiatives have become embedded in the local political system, whereas the local knowledge base and access to highly specialised personnel like engineers (Dalum et al., 1999) are strongly emphasised. The success factors of a region has been narrowed down to eight (Isaksen (1998) and Voyer (1998)): specialisation within one or more industries; the role of local networks; availability of R&D and educational institutions; access to a qualified work force; access to competent financial institutions; cooperation between firms and other institutions; contacts to knowledgeable milieus elsewhere and a high degree of innovativeness (differences are seen between Isaksen and Voyer, these eight are based on Isaksen (op. cit. page 15-21). The aim of this paper is to explore some of the above mentioned success characteristics for the 14 counties ('aemter') in Denmark to discuss whether the main economic region in Denmark is also the competence region, and to what extent it is successful. The paper tries to assess to what extent the financial strengths or weaknesses reflect the innovation capacity of the region and how the relationship evolves over time. Furthermore, the paper attempts to identify the main drivers of growth within the regional system of innovation. Hence, does the capital region (Copenhagen and surroundings) of Denmark encompass better conditions in terms of the local knowledge base, the scientific and technical potential and the availability of trained personnel than the Western part of Denmark (incl. Funen and Jutland) for the development of knowledge intensive clusters. A discussion of the terms economic and competence region is given in the paper and indicators are applied. The local knowledge base is in particular thought of as the technological and scientific knowledge, which are proxied by patents, bibliometrics and educational data. The dual nature of knowledge production is stressed in the discussion of the regions. On the one hand, the firm localises in areas of complementary knowledge assets within the same industry, but benefits can accrue to a region from the activities of firms in that region (Voyer 1998: 81) as well. Furthermore, the role of universities and research institutes is important in two respects, first as sources of significant innovation-generating knowledge (Acs et al. 1998: 112), and second as educators of future employees of the firms in the region (for empirical tests see Almeida (1999)). To address these issues, the paper presents indicators of the science potential, the availability of personnel as well as the density of scientific and technical personnel. Finally, the role of local policy makers is discussed in two short case studies in the final part of the paper. From the descriptive parts the paper moves on to test whether the above variables are determinants of value added (economic growth), technological specialisation (strong local knowledge base) and international ...?

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa02/cd-rom/papers/345.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa02p345.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: Aug 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa02p345

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria
    Web page: http://www.ersa.org

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Jaffe, A.B. & Trajtenberg, M., 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," Papers 14-92, Tel Aviv.
    2. R. Paci & S. Usai, 1997. "Technological enclaves and industrial districts. An analysis of the regional distributions of innovative activity in Europe," Working Paper CRENoS 199708, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    3. Clive Lawson & Edward Lorenz, 1999. "Collective Learning, Tacit Knowledge and Regional Innovative Capacity," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 305-317.
    4. Arne Isaksen, . "Regionalisation and regional clusters as development strategies in a global economy," STEP Report series 199801, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
    5. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
    6. Zitt, M. & Barre, R. & Sigogneau, A. & Laville, F., 1999. "Territorial concentration and evolution of science and technology activities in the European Union: a descriptive analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 545-562, June.
    7. Paul Almeida & Bruce Kogut, 1999. "Localization of Knowledge and the Mobility of Engineers in Regional Networks," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 45(7), pages 905-917, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa02p345. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.