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Benchmarking Regional Innovation: A Comparison of Bavaria, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland

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  • Stephen Roper

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Abstract

Regional regeneration strategies based on developing innovation capability have received much support in recent years. Evaluation of the effectiveness of such initiatives has, however, been limited largely to an assessment of the impact of such strategies on policy frameworks and attitudes. Based on innovation survey data covering nearly a decade, this paper outlines a number of external innovation benchmarks for core and peripheral regions within the EU. The benchmarks considered cover the innovation objectives, constraints resources, linkages and outputs of manufacturing firms. Despite considerable efforts in recent years to develop the innovation capability and institutional support framework for innovation in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, the benchmarks still point to a substantial performance gap between the Irish and German study regions and provide little evidence of convergence over the 1991-99 period. The benchmarks also suggest other more general points emphasising, for example, a general shortening of product lifecycles and a related shift towards more radical innovation. More disappointing is in that in each of the study regions the development of environmentally friendly products is given a low and diminishing priority by manufacturing firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa01p39.

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Date of creation: Aug 2001
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa01p39

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  1. Stephen Roper, 2001. "Innovation, Networks and Plant Location: Some Evidence for Ireland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(3), pages 215-228.
  2. Acs, Zoltan J. & Audretsch, David B., 1987. "Innovation in large and small firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 109-112.
  3. Geroski, P A, 1990. "Innovation, Technological Opportunity, and Market Structure," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(3), pages 586-602, July.
  4. Davelaar, E.J. & Nijkamp, P., 1987. "Spatial dispersion of technological innovation : a case study for the Netherlands by means of partial least squares," Serie Research Memoranda, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics 0062, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  5. Davelaar, E.J. & Nijkamp, P., 1987. "Operational models on industrial innovation and spatial development : a case study for the Netherlands," Serie Research Memoranda, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics 0058, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  6. Blind, Knut & Grupp, Hariolf, 1999. "Interdependencies between the science and technology infrastructure and innovation activities in German regions: empirical findings and policy consequences," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 451-468, June.
  7. Gudgin, Graham, 1995. "Regional Problems and Policy in the UK," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(2), pages 18-63, Summer.
  8. Holger Görg & Frances Ruane, 1997. "Reflections on Irish Industrial Policy towards Foreign Direct Investment," Economics Policy Papers, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics 973, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  9. Oerlemans, L.A.G. & Meeus, M.T.H. & Boekema, F.W.M., 1998. "Do networks matter for innovation? The usefulness of the network approach in analysing innovation," Open Access publications from Tilburg University, Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-78820, Tilburg University.
  10. Veugelers, Reinhilde & Cassiman, Bruno, 1999. "Make and buy in innovation strategies: evidence from Belgian manufacturing firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 63-80, January.
  11. S. Roper, 1998. "Public Support for Near-market R&D: The Northern Ireland Experience," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 295-299.
  12. Mike Crone & Stephen Roper, 2001. "Local Learning from Multinational Plants: Knowledge Transfers in the Supply Chain," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(6), pages 535-548.
  13. James Love & Stephen Roper, 1999. "The Determinants of Innovation: R & D, Technology Transfer and Networking Effects," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 43-64, August.
  14. Kevin Morgan, 1997. "The Learning Region: Institutions, Innovation and Regional Renewal," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 491-503.
  15. Leon A.G. Oerlemans & Marius T.H. Meeus & Frans W.M. Boekema, 1998. "Do Networks Matter for Innovation? The usefulness of the economic network approach in analysing innovation," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 89(3), pages 298-309, 08.
  16. Rolf Sternberg, 1999. "Innovative Linkages and Proximity: Empirical Results from Recent Surveys of Small and Medium Sized Firms in German Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(6), pages 529-540.
  17. Love, James H. & Roper, Stephen, 2001. "Location and network effects on innovation success: evidence for UK, German and Irish manufacturing plants," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 643-661, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Nola Hewitt-Dundas & Bernadette Andreosso-O'Callaghan & Helena Lenihan, 2005. "Innovation policy in Ireland and Northern Ireland, 1991 to 2001 – the changing face of enterprise-level financial incentives for R&D," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa05p606, European Regional Science Association.

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