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Issues in socialist economy reform

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  • Fischer, Stanley
  • Gelb, Alan
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    Abstract

    This paper examines issues involving the design and sequence of economic reform in formerly socialist economies that have made the political decision to move to a private market economy. They also examine the potential role of foreign countries in providing aid, technical assistance, and market access. In economies that are actually or potentially unstable macroeconomically, the first priority is macroeconomic stabilization and measures to harden budget constraints and create an emergency social safety net. At the center of the reform process are price reform, trade liberalization, enterprise restructuring, and privatization. Banking reform, training, and the development of other financial markets must begin immediately, but the ability of the financial system to allocate resources efficiently will remain limited until enterprise and price reform are sufficiently advanced. In systemwide reform, the notice of sequencing should be replaced by that of packaging. A large number of interrelated reforms - including those needed to create an appropriate legal structure and develop the skills needed in a market economy - has to be put in place very early, although the speed of implementation will differ. However rapidly the reforms are initiated, their completion - especially privatization - is bound to take many years.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 565.

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    Date of creation: 31 Dec 1990
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:565

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    Related research

    Keywords: Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform; Markets and Market Access; Access to Markets;

    References

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    1. Feige, E.L., 1991. "Socialist Privatization," Papers 1a, United Nations World Employment Programme-.
    2. David Lipton & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1990. "Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 21(1), pages 75-148.
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    Cited by:
    1. Jacob A. Frenkel & Guillermo Calvo, 1991. "From Centrally Planned to Market Economies: The Road from CPE to PCPE," IMF Working Papers 91/17, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Jim Leitzel, 1993. "Russian Economic Reform: Is Economics Helpful?," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 19(3), pages 365-378, Summer.
    3. Diwan, Ishac & Saldanha, Fernando, 1991. "Long term prospects in Eastern Europe : the role of external finance in an era of change," Policy Research Working Paper Series 695, The World Bank.
    4. Guillermo A. Calvo & Jacob A. Frenkel, 1991. "Obstacles to Transforming Centrally-Planned Economies: The Role of Capital Markets," NBER Working Papers 3776, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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