World fossil fuel subsidies and global carbon emissions in a model with interfuel substitution
AbstractThe author presents a simple empirical framework for estimating the level of world fossil fuel subsidies and analyzing their implications for carbon dioxide emissions. The author extends Larsen and Shah (1992) by applying a simple model with interfuel substitution, using a more detailed sectoral data set that includes energy prices and consumption for an expanded sample of countries. The author concludes that substantial fossil fuel subsidies prevail in a handful of large carbon-emitting countries. The fiscal implications for some countries are significant - as much as 10 percent of GDP in some countries. World subsidies are estimated to be more than $210 billion, or 20 to 25 percent of the value of world fossil fuel consumption at world prices. Removing such subsidies, the author estimates, would reduce national carbon emissions by more than 20 percent relative to baseline emissions in some countries. It would reduce global carbon emissions by 7 percent.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1256.
Date of creation: 28 Feb 1994
Date of revision:
Energy and Environment; Environmental Economics&Policies; Transport and Environment; Urban Environment; Carbon Policy and Trading;
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