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Definitions, good practices, and global estimates on the status of social protection for international migrants

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Author Info

  • Avato, Johanna
  • Koettl, Johannes
  • Sabates-Wheeler, Rachel

Abstract

This paper analyzes the issue of social protection for migrants by looking at formal and informal social protection provisions. In particular, it presents the latest global data on the social protection status on migrants, including undocumented migrants. The paper gives special attention to lower-income countries drawing upon recent studies from the Southern African Development Community (SADC). It finds that migrants in poorer countries have very limited access to formal social protection such as social security systems, and that the legal social protection frameworks are far from making benefits portable. Rather, migrants have to rely on informal social protection, and it is often migration itself that constitutes a form of social protection for migrants and their families. This means that making migration safer for low-income migrants is vital to allow migrants to fully benefit from their migration experience and to ultimately enhance their social protection.

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File URL: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/06/30/000333037_20090630232549/Rendered/PDF/491720NWP0Inte10Box338943B01PUBLIC1.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 49172.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2009
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:49172

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Related research

Keywords: Population Policies; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Emerging Markets; International Migration;

References

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  1. Carlo del Ninno & Kalanidhi Subbarao & Annamaria Milazzo, 2009. "How to Make Public Works Work : A Review of the Experiences," World Bank Other Operational Studies 11718, The World Bank.
  2. F. Angel-Urdinola, Diego, 2008. "Can the Introduction of a Minimum Wage in FYR Macedonia Decrease the Gender Wage Gap?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4795, The World Bank.
  3. Ferrer, Ana & Riddell, W. Craig, 2011. "Unemployment Insurance Savings Accounts in Latin America: Overview and Assessment," IZA Discussion Papers 5577, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Vodopivec, Milan & Madzar, Lilijana & Dolenc, Primoz, 2009. "Non-performance of the severance pay program in Slovenia," Social Protection Discussion Papers 47070, The World Bank.
  5. Milan Vodopivec, 2013. "Introducing unemployment insurance to developing countries," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-23, December.
  6. Almeida, Rita & Carneiro, Pedro, 2009. "The return to firm investments in human capital," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 97-106, January.
  7. Almeida, Rita & Carneiro, Pedro, 2009. "Mandated benefits, employment, and inequality in a dual economy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5119, The World Bank.
  8. Vincenzo Galasso & Roberta Gatti & Paola Profeta, 2009. "Investing for the old age: pensions, children and savings," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 538-559, August.
  9. Milazzo, Annamaria & Grosh, Margaret, 2008. "Social safety nets in World Bank lending and analytical work : FY2002 - 2007," Social Protection Discussion Papers 44730, The World Bank.
  10. Haja, Nirina Andrianjaka & Milazzo, Annamaria, 2008. "Highly labor-intensive public works in Madagascar : issues and policy options," Social Protection Discussion Papers 47357, The World Bank.
  11. Vodopivec, Milan & Dolenc, Primoz, 2008. "Live longer, work longer : making it happen in the labor market," Social Protection Discussion Papers 42471, The World Bank.
  12. Macours, Karen & Vakis, Renos, 2010. "Seasonal Migration and Early Childhood Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 857-869, June.
  13. Barrett , Christopher B & Carter , Michael R & Ikegami , Munenobu, 2008. "Poverty traps and social protection," Social Protection Discussion Papers 42752, The World Bank.
  14. Bhattamishra, Ruchira & Barrett, Christopher B., 2010. "Community-Based Risk Management Arrangements: A Review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 923-932, July.
  15. Amin, Mohammad, 2007. "Labor regulation and employment in India's retail stores," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4314, The World Bank.
  16. Almeida, Rita & Carneiro, Pedro, 2008. "Enforcement of labor regulation and firm size," Social Protection Discussion Papers 43675, The World Bank.
  17. Vodopivec, Milan & Arunatilake, Nisha, 2008. "Population aging and the labor market : the case of Sri Lanka," Social Protection Discussion Papers 44927, The World Bank.
  18. Almeida, Rita & Aterido, Reyes, 2008. "The incentives to invest in job training : do strict labor codes influence this decision?," Social Protection Discussion Papers 46189, The World Bank.
  19. Peracchi, Franco & Perotti, Valeria & Scarpetta, Stefano, 2007. "Informality and social protection : preliminary results from pilot surveys in Bulgaria and Colombia," Social Protection Discussion Papers 41541, The World Bank.
  20. Braithwaite , Jeanine & Mont , Daniel, 2008. "Disability and poverty : a survey of World Bank poverty assessments and implications," Social Protection Discussion Papers 42754, The World Bank.
  21. Braithwaite, Jeanine & Carroll, Richard & Mont, Daniel & Peffley, Karen, 2008. "Disability and development in the World Bank : FY2000-2007," Social Protection Discussion Papers 45178, The World Bank.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Milan Vodopivec, 2013. "Introducing unemployment insurance to developing countries," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-23, December.
  2. James, Estelle, 2009. "Rethinking survivor benefits," Social Protection Discussion Papers 52919, The World Bank.
  3. Ferrer, Ana M. & Riddell, W. Craig, 2009. "Unemployment insurance savings accounts in Latin America : overview and assessment," Social Protection Discussion Papers 49173, The World Bank.
  4. Robert Holzmann & Johannes Koettl, 2012. "Portability of Pension, Health, and other Social Benefits: Facts, Concepts, and Issues," CESifo Working Paper Series 4002, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Lord, Janet & Posarac, Aleksandra & Nicoli, Marco & Peffley, Karen & Mcclain-Nhlapo, Charlotte & Keogh, Mary, 2010. "Disability and international cooperation and development : a review of policies and practices," Social Protection Discussion Papers 56092, The World Bank.
  6. Holzmann, Robert, 2010. "Bringing Financial Literacy and Education to Low and Middle Income Countries: The Need to Review, Adjust, and Extend Current Wisdom," IZA Discussion Papers 5114, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Makhema, Mpho, 2009. "Social protection for refugees and asylum seekers in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)," Social Protection Discussion Papers 49168, The World Bank.
  8. Chae, ChangKyun & Chung, Jaeho, 2009. "Pre-employment vocational education and training in Korea," Social Protection Discussion Papers 52186, The World Bank.
  9. Ra, Young-Sun & Shim, Kyung Woo, 2009. "The Korean case study : past experience and new trends in training policies," Social Protection Discussion Papers 53696, The World Bank.
  10. Anna Cristina d'Addio & Maria Chiara Cavalleri, 2013. "Labour Mobility and the Portability of Social Rights in the EU," CESifo Working Paper Series 4153, CESifo Group Munich.
  11. Woo, Kye Lee, 2009. "Productivity increases in SMEs : with special emphasis on in-service training of workers in Korea," Social Protection Discussion Papers 51251, The World Bank.
  12. Holzmann, Robert & Koettl, Johannes, 2011. "Portability of Pension, Health, and Other Social Benefits: Facts, Concepts, Issues," IZA Discussion Papers 5715, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Piggott, John & Sane, Renuka, 2009. "Indexing pensions," Social Protection Discussion Papers 52445, The World Bank.
  14. Woolford, Geoff, 2009. "Social protection for migrants from the Pacific Islands in Australia and New Zealand," Social Protection Discussion Papers 49174, The World Bank.
  15. Koettl, Johannes, 2009. "Human trafficking, modern day slavery, and economic exploitation," Social Protection Discussion Papers 49802, The World Bank.

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