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Human trafficking, modern day slavery, and economic exploitation

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  • Koettl, Johannes

Abstract

Human trafficking, as it is defined by international law, subsumes all forms of nonconsensual exploitation. That is, whenever people are forced or lured into exploitation no matter if movement of victims is involved it is considered human trafficking. There is, though, a large overlap with consensual exploitation, namely when economic vulnerabilities forcevictims to accept exploitative work arrangements. Consensual exploitation is mostly addressed through social and labor law, which is also an area where the World Bank has ample experience, while nonconsensual exploitation is mainly addressed through criminal law. Both types of exploitation have adverse effects on equity and efficiency and are therefore obstacles to development. The World Bank could consider strengthening its efforts on nonconsensual exploitation, in particular in the area of access to justice for the poor and empowering vulnerable groups to demand justice and good governance. In addition, there is a need to enhance the knowledge on prevalence, causes, and consequences of nonconsensual exploitation. In doing so, the World Bank should seek partnerships to complement existing initiatives and expertise, but should also consider providing leadership in the fight against exploitation and human trafficking.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 49802.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2009
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:49802

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Keywords: Population Policies; Human Rights; Labor Policies; Labor Markets; Access to Finance;

References

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  1. Almeida, Rita & Carneiro, Pedro, 2009. "Enforcement of labor regulation and firm size," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 28-46, March.
  2. Almeida, Rita & Aterido, Reyes, 2008. "The incentives to invest in job training : do strict labor codes influence this decision?," Social Protection Discussion Papers 46189, The World Bank.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Woolford, Geoff, 2009. "Social protection for migrants from the Pacific Islands in Australia and New Zealand," Social Protection Discussion Papers 49174, The World Bank.
  2. Stephanie Barrientos, 2011. "‘Labour chains’: analysing the role of labour contractors in global production networks," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 15311, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
  3. Piggott, John & Sane, Renuka, 2009. "Indexing pensions," Social Protection Discussion Papers 52445, The World Bank.
  4. Woo, Kye Lee, 2009. "Productivity increases in SMEs : with special emphasis on in-service training of workers in Korea," Social Protection Discussion Papers 51251, The World Bank.
  5. Ra, Young-Sun & Shim, Kyung Woo, 2009. "The Korean case study : past experience and new trends in training policies," Social Protection Discussion Papers 53696, The World Bank.
  6. Holzmann, Robert, 2010. "Bringing financial literacy and education to low and middle income countries : the need to review, adjust, and extend current wisdom," Social Protection Discussion Papers 56501, The World Bank.
  7. Chae, ChangKyun & Chung, Jaeho, 2009. "Pre-employment vocational education and training in Korea," Social Protection Discussion Papers 52186, The World Bank.
  8. Lord, Janet & Posarac, Aleksandra & Nicoli, Marco & Peffley, Karen & Mcclain-Nhlapo, Charlotte & Keogh, Mary, 2010. "Disability and international cooperation and development : a review of policies and practices," Social Protection Discussion Papers 56092, The World Bank.
  9. James, Estelle, 2009. "Rethinking survivor benefits," Social Protection Discussion Papers 52919, The World Bank.

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