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Exchange Rates, Productivity, Poverty and Inequality

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Author Info

  • Kenneth W. Clements

    (UWA Business School, The University of Western Australia)

  • Yihui Lan

    (UWA Business School, The University of Western Australia)

Abstract

This paper analyses differences in the wealth of nations by comparing PPP-based cross-country incomes from the Penn Table with those derived from prevailing exchange rates. Using the Balassa (1964)-Samuelson (1964) productivity bias framework, we introduce the “international poverty line” and illustrate the implications for cross-county income inequality. We demonstrate that our results are not inconsistent with the previous literature when appropriately interpreted.

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File URL: http://www.biz.uwa.edu.au/home/research/discussionworking_papers/economics/2004?f=151003
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics in its series Economics Discussion / Working Papers with number 04-13.

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Length: 11 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uwa:wpaper:04-13

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References

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  1. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2001. "The disturbing 'rise' of global income inequality," Economics Working Papers 616, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2002.
  2. Samuelson, Paul A, 1994. "Facets of Balassa-Samuelson Thirty Years Later," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(3), pages 201-26, October.
  3. Bewley, Ronald & Fiebig, Denzil G, 1990. "Why Are Long-run Parameter Estimates So Disparate?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(2), pages 345-49, May.
  4. Zellner, Arnold, 1978. "Estimation of functions of population means and regression coefficients including structural coefficients : A minimum expected loss (MELO) approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 127-158, October.
  5. Angus Deaton, 2004. "Measuring poverty in a growing world (or measuring growth in a poor world)," Working Papers 178, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
  6. Ravallion, Martin, 2001. "Growth, inequality, and poverty : looking beyond averages," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2558, The World Bank.
  7. Bela Balassa, 1964. "The Purchasing-Power Parity Doctrine: A Reappraisal," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 584.
  8. Ravallion, Martin, 2001. "Measuring aggregate welfare in developing countries - How well do national accounts and surveys agree?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2665, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Clements, Kenneth & Lan, Yihui & Roberts, John, 2008. "Exchange-rate economics for the resources sector," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 102-117, June.

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