Importing, productivity and SMEs: firm-level evidence from the Netherlands
AbstractConstructing a comprehensive data set covering Dutch firms over the years 2002-2008 I am the first to investigate the relationship between trade status, firm size and firm-level productivity in the Netherlands, thereby focusing particularly on small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). The empirical evidence can be summarized in four stylized facts. The productivity ranking by trade status of Dutch manufacturing firms in increasing order of productivity is: non-traders, importers, exporters and two-way traders. Firm size and being controlled by a company located abroad are positively associated with firm-level productivity. The results point in the direction of self-selection of more productive manufacturing firms into importing, particularly for firms that did not trade altogether prior to the import start and for build-up periods of two and three years towards the import start. I do not find evidence that firms become more productive after an import start because of learning effects. I find considerable heterogeneity in the productivity premia of trade along the firm size distribution. The results suggest that exporting is more complex than sourcing inputs internationally for small firms relative to larger firms.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Utrecht School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 13-07.
Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2013
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-06-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2013-06-16 (Business Economics)
- NEP-CSE-2013-06-16 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-EFF-2013-06-16 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-ENT-2013-06-16 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-INT-2013-06-16 (International Trade)
- NEP-SBM-2013-06-16 (Small Business Management)
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