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Labour Market Concentration and Migration Patterns in Russia


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  • Bignebat, C.


The following development proposes to focus on an underestimated aspect of the Russian restructuring process, namely the evolution of single industry areas throughout transition. We argue that the highly concentrated structure of the post-soviet labour market influences the transformation trend of the Russian economy: to assess this proposition, we describe the phenomenon and quantify it. Then, we use this information to investigate migration patterns in the Russian Federation: as employment is less diverse, these cities should experience outflows of inhabitants. However, we find empirical evidence that specialisation has no influence on migrations. ...French Abstract : L'article développe un aspect sous-estimé de la transition russe, à savoir celui de l'évolution des localités où se situe une unique entreprise. Cette structure du marché du travail caractérisée par une forte concentration du travail influence la transformation de l'économie russe. On commence par décrire ce phénomène et le quantifier. On utilise alors cette information pour étudier les flux migratoires dans les villes de la Fédération de Russie : quand les opportunités d'emploi sont moins diversifiées au niveau local, on devrait observer un solde migratoire négatif au niveau des villes. Cependant, nous montrons ici que la spécialisation très forte des villes dans un secteur n'a pas d'influence sur les migrations. On dérive alors les déterminants de celles-ci.

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Paper provided by UMR MOISA : Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs : CIHEAM-IAMM, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, IRD - Montpellier, France in its series Working Papers MOISA with number 200604.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:umr:wpaper:200604

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