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Psychological pressure in competitive environments: Evidence from a randomized natural experiment: Comment, Second Version

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Author Info

  • Martin Kocher

    ()
    (School of Economics, University of East Anglia)

  • Marc V. Lenz

    (University of Cologne)

  • Matthias Sutter

    ()
    (University of Innsbruck, University of Gothenburg, and IZA Bonn)

Abstract

Apesteguia and Palacios-Huerta (APH, forthcoming) report for a sample of 129 soccer penalty shootouts from various seasons in ten different tournaments that teams kicking first win significantly more often than teams kicking second by a margin of 21 percentage points. Collecting data for 470 shootouts, including all of APH's shootouts, we cannot replicate their result. Teams kicking first win 53.4% of shootouts, which is not significantly different from the a priori expected 50%. Our finding implies that (1) APH's results are not generally robust; (2) using selective subsamples without a coherent criterion for data inclusion might lead to non-representative results.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by School of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK. in its series University of East Anglia Applied and Financial Economics Working Paper Series with number 015.

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Date of creation: 19 Sep 2010
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Handle: RePEc:uea:aepppr:2010_15

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Related research

Keywords: Tournament; first-mover advantage; psychological pressure; field experiment; soccer; penalty shootouts;

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  1. John Wooders, 2010. "Does Experience Teach? Professionals and Minimax Play in the Lab," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(3), pages 1143-1154, 05.
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