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Are there differences between perception of corruption at public and private sector? A multi-country analysis

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Author Info

  • Giorgina Piani

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Natalia Melgar

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Máximo Rossi

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Abstract

If we accept that the concept of corruption is influenced by culture and personal values then, we should ask: 1) what are the individual characteristics that shape corruption perception? 2) how important is the incidence of the country of residence in determining it? and 3) is there a relationship between private and public perception of corruption? The database is the 2007 GALLUP Public Opinion Survey; our dataset includes 78 countries and more than 57,000 observations and we estimated probit models. Our main conclusions are that some individual characteristics shape corruption perception (gender, age, marital status, the number of children, religion and religiosity). Moreover, country characteristics also matters. In particular, we find that Gross Domestic Product per capita and inequality play a relevant role. Finally, we also find that perception of corruption at public sector is highly correlated with perception of corruption at private sector.

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File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/2009/0109.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 0109.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0109

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Keywords: corruption; microeconomic behavior; cross-country comparative research.;

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  1. Natalia Melgar & Máximo Rossi & Tom W. Smith, 2008. "The perception of corruption," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0508, Department of Economics - dECON.
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