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Propensión al emprendimiento: ¿Los emprendedores nacen, se educan o se hacen?

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  • Bárbara Flores
  • Óscar Landerretche
  • Gabriela Sánchez
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    Abstract

    Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar cuáles son las características y competencias de los individuos que influyen en la probabilidad de emprender en Chile. Para ello, utilizando la Encuesta de Protección Social de los años 2006 y 2009 se estiman dos modelos, uno estático que utiliza información de corte transversal y uno retrospectivo que incluye controles relacionados con la historia de los individuos. Una de las particularidades del presente trabajo es que estudia si el conocimiento sobre el sistema financiero, determina la probabilidad de emprender. Para identificar su efecto dada su endogeneidad, los modelos son estimados utilizando el método de Variables Instrumentales. Además, se controla por variables de aversión al riesgo, percepción sobre capacidades individuales y diversificación de los sectores económicos en que se ha trabajado. Los resultados indican que la experiencia en el mercado laboral y el grado de aversión al riesgo son variables significativas al explicar emprendimiento. En efecto, haber trabajado en una micro-empresa, contar con un mayor número de emprendimientos realizados, y tener un bajo nivel de aversión al riesgo, induce mayor probabilidad de emprender.

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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/5ef2b69e0dae12f6182726f5a9318cab0c5b62d7.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp330.

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    Length: 28 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp330

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    Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Emprendimiento; Alfabetismo Financiero; Aversión al Riesgo.;

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    References

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    1. Claudio Michelacci & Olmo Silva, 2005. "Why So Many Local Entrepreneurs?," Working Papers wp2005_0506, CEMFI.
    2. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrea Repetto, 2006. "Micro Efficiency and Aggregate Growth in Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 218, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    3. Guiso, Luigi & Schivardi, Fabiano, 2005. "Learning to be an Entrepreneur," CEPR Discussion Papers 5290, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Josh Lerner & Antoinette Schoar, 2010. "International Differences in Entrepreneurship," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number lern08-2, July.
    5. Silvia Ardagna & Annamaria Lusardi, 2008. "Explaining International Differences in Entrepreneurship: The Role of Individual Characteristics and Regulatory Constraints," NBER Working Papers 14012, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Blanchflower, D.G. & Oswald, A., 1991. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Economics Series Working Papers 99125, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    7. Klapper, Leora & Laeven, Luc & Rajan, Raghuram, 2006. "Entry regulation as a barrier to entrepreneurship," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 591-629, December.
    8. Barton H. Hamilton, 2000. "Does Entrepreneurship Pay? An Empirical Analysis of the Returns to Self-Employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(3), pages 604-631, June.
    9. Pia Arenius & Maria Minniti, 2005. "Perceptual Variables and Nascent Entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 233-247, 02.
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