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Nicaragua: A la búsqueda del crecimiento perdido

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Author Info

  • Manuel Agosin Trumper
  • Rodrigo Bolaños
  • Félix Delgado

Abstract

Nicaragua tuvo un desastre de desarrollo durante el período de guerra civil e indefinición de sistema económico que, a grosso modo, corresponde al período de 1978 a 1993. Sin embargo, la recuperación posterior ha sido muy modesta y el país aún tiene un PIB per capita bastante inferior (en términos reales) al alcanzado en 1977. Este estudio indaga cuáles han sido las mayores restricciones al crecimiento de Nicaragua desde 1994. Las dos restricciones a la inversión privada más importantes dicen relación con el marco institucional (en particular, la indefinición de los derechos de propiedad, la corrupción, y la escasa eficiencia del sector público) y con la falta de infraestructura adecuada al crecimiento, en un marco macroeconómico con vulnerabilidades que emanan de la dependencia de los recursos externos concesionales. Usamos el término infraestructura tanto en su acepción tradicional (caminos, puertos, aeropuertos) como de manera más genérica: las instituciones necesarias para que sectores específicos puedan desarrollarse. Es altamente probable que la potencialidad de crecimiento de Nicaragua esté en la diversificación de su producción agrícola y agroindustrial, sector donde ya han surgido una serie de nuevos productos de exportación en pequeña escala. El problema que enfrentan empresarios innovadores en este sector es la escasez de bienes públicos sectoriales, que incluyen la indefinición de los derechos de propiedad en el campo, la baja calidad de la infraestructura, la ausencia de instituciones públicas que avalen y protejan la trazabilidad de los alimentos, la insuficiencia de los servicios de comercialización y la escasez de crédito productivo para nuevos emprendimientos.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp275.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp275

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Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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Related research

Keywords: Desarrollo económico; Nicaragua; Restricciones de crecimiento; producción agrícola.;

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  1. Hausmann, Ricardo & Rodrik, Dani, 2003. "Economic development as self-discovery," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 603-633, December.
  2. Steven M. Fazzari & R. Glenn Hubbard & BRUCE C. PETERSEN, 1988. "Financing Constraints and Corporate Investment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(1), pages 141-206.
  3. R. Glenn Hubbard, 1997. "Capital-Market Imperfections and Investment," NBER Working Papers 5996, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
  5. Estache, Antonio & Goicoechea, Ana, 2005. "A"research"database on infrastructure economic performance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3643, The World Bank.
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