A Theory-Based Measure of the Output of the Education Sector
AbstractThe paper estimates the output of the Norwegian higher education sector based on a modification of the methodology introduced by Jorgenson and Fraumeni (JF) (1989). JF measure output in the education sector by the increase in the total discounted lifetime income that can be attributed to the education “produced” in a given year. As opposed to JF, our output measure excludes the value of non-market labour activities. We provide a theoretical rationale for this modification of the JF-methodology, which has a great negative impact on the output estimates. Our baseline estimate of value added in the Norwegian higher education sector is still more than 8 times higher than the corresponding figure in the Norwegian National Accounts (NA). Replacing the standard NA figures by our estimate raises the share of higher education in GDP from 1.0 to 7.3 percent.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Research Department of Statistics Norway in its series Discussion Papers with number 353.
Date of creation: Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Human capital formation; Measurement of the education sector;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
- H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
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- Jorgenson, D.W. & Fraumeni, B.M., 1991.
"The Output Of The Education Sector,"
Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers
1543, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
- Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
- Ahlroth, Sofia & Bjorklund, Anders & Forslund, Anders, 1997. "The Output of the Swedish Education Sector," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 43(1), pages 89-104, March.
- Michael S. Christian, 2013. "Human Capital Accounting in the United States: Context, Measurement, and Application," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring Economic Sustainability and Progress National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Michael S. Christian, 2011. "Human Capital Accounting in the United States: Context, Measurement, and Application," BEA Working Papers 0073, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
- Gang Liu, 2013. "Measuring the Stock of Human Capital for International and Inter-temporal Comparisons," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring Economic Sustainability and Progress National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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