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Does the Glass Ceiling Exist?: A Cross-National Perspective on Gender Income Mobility

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  • Ira N. Gang

    ()
    (Rutgers University)

  • John Landon-Lane

    ()
    (Rutgers University)

  • Myeong-Su Yun

    ()
    (Tulane University)

Abstract

We compare male and female upward labor income mobility in Germany and the United States using the GSOEP-PSID Cross-National Equivalent File. Our main interest is to test whether a glass ceiling exists for women. Conventional thinking about the glass ceiling highlights the belief that the playing field is level for women and men in the labor market up to a certain point, after which there is an effective limit on advancement for women. We examine the glass ceiling hypothesis by looking at the income dynamics -- the movement of women and men through the distribution of income over time. We find that there is considerable evidence in favor of a glass ceiling both in Germany and the United States with men having approximately a 30% premium in their upward income mobility compared to women in the upper income classes. We also find significant, but smaller, differences at middle and low income levels for both countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Rutgers University, Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 200301.

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Date of creation: 25 Mar 2003
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Handle: RePEc:rut:rutres:200301

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Related research

Keywords: glass ceiling; mobility; Markov chain; income distribution dynamics; gender discrimination;

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Cited by:
  1. Ira N. Gang & Myeong-Su Yun & John Landon-Lane, 2002. "Gender Differences in German Upward Income Mobility," Departmental Working Papers 200221, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.

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