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Open Science: One Term, Five Schools of Thought

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  • Benedikt Fecher
  • Sascha Friesike
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    Abstract

    Open Science is an umbrella term that encompasses a multitude of assumptions about the future of knowledge creation and dissemination. Based on a literature review, this paper aims at structuring the overall discourse by proposing five Open Science schools of thought: The infrastructure school (which is concerned with the technological architecture), the public school (which is concerned with the accessibility of knowledge creation), the measurement school (which is concerned with alternative impact measurement), the democratic school (which is concerned with access to knowledge) and the pragmatic school (which is concerned with collaborative research).

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    File URL: http://ratswd.de/dl/RatSWD_WP_218.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by German Council for Social and Economic Data (RatSWD) in its series Working Paper Series of the German Council for Social and Economic Data with number 218.

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    Length: 14
    Date of creation: 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:rsw:rswwps:rswwps218

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    Keywords: ratswd; ratswd working paper; data sharing; data management; germany; data availability; open access; research infrastructure; data; replication; data privacy; metadata; research data centre; infrastructure; psychdata; data management; psychology; science cooperation; open science; open access; assessment and review; science 2.0; open data; citizen science; schools of thought; altmetrics; science communication;

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    1. Haeussler, Carolin, 2011. "Information-sharing in academia and the industry: A comparative study," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 105-122, February.
    2. Bozeman, Barry & Corley, Elizabeth, 2004. "Scientists' collaboration strategies: implications for scientific and technical human capital," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 599-616, May.
    3. Michael W Carroll, 2011. "Why Full Open Access Matters," Working Papers id:4638, eSocialSciences.
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