Information-Sharing in Academia and the Industry: A Comparative Study
AbstractThis paper investigates how scientists decide whether to share information with their colleagues or not. Detailed data on the decisions of 1,694 bio-scientists allow to detect similarities and differences between academia-based and industry-based scientists. Arguments from social capital theory are applied to explain why individuals share information even at (temporary) personal cost. In both realms, the results suggest that the likelihood of sharing decreases with the competitive value of the requested information. Factors related to social capital, i.e., expected reciprocity and the extent to which a scientist’s community conforms to the norm of open science, either directly affect information-sharing or moderate competitive interest considerations on information-sharing. The effect depends on the system to which a scientist belongs.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 24415.
Date of creation: 17 Jul 2010
Date of revision:
information-sharing; social capital; reciprocity; open science; bio-sciences; IP protection mechanisms;
Other versions of this item:
- Haeussler, Carolin, 2011. "Information-sharing in academia and the industry: A comparative study," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 105-122, February.
- Carolin Haeussler, 2010. "Information-Sharing in Academia and the Industry: A Comparative Study," Working Paper Series of the German Council for Social and Economic Data 154, German Council for Social and Economic Data (RatSWD).
- D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
- D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics; Underlying Principles
- L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
- D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, and Operations
- D8 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
- Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-08-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-IPR-2010-08-28 (Intellectual Property Rights)
- NEP-SOC-2010-08-28 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-SOG-2010-08-28 (Sociology of Economics)
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