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Low Social Mobility in Bolivia: Causes and Consequences for Development

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Author Info

  • Andersen, Lykke Eg

    (IISEC, Universidad Católica Boliviana)

Abstract

This paper investigates social mobility in Bolivia. It is an issue of high policy relevance as the degree of social mobility can have strong implications for both poverty reducation and long-run growth. Regressions based on household survey data show that social mobility is very low in Bolivia, even by Latin American standards. This is mainly caused by an inadequate public education system, a high degree of assortative mating, and insufficient rural-urban migration. As a consequence, poverty tends to be fairly persistent, with many families remaining poor year after year and generation after generation. In addition, low social mobility implies an inefficient use of innate talent as well as poor incentives for work and study. This prevents the Bolivian economy from reaching its potential growth rates. The paper provides several recommendations for policies that could help increase social mobility, thereby reducing poverty and increasing long-run growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana in its series Documentos de trabajo with number 3/2001.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 01 May 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ris:iisecd:2001_003

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Related research

Keywords: Social Mobility; Economic Growth; Public Policy; Bolivia;

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References

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  1. Kevin M. Murphy & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1990. "The Allocation of Talent: Implications for Growth," NBER Working Papers 3530, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Nancy Birdsall & Jere R. Behrman & Miguel Székely, 1998. "Intergenerational Schooling Mobility and Macro Conditions and Schooling Policies in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4144, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Hassler, J. & Rodriguez Mora, J.V., 1998. "IQ, Social Mobility and Growth," Papers 635, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  4. Momi Dahan & Alejandro Gaviria, 1999. "Sibling Correlations and Social Mobility in Latin America," IDB Publications 6451, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Michael Kremer, 1996. "How Much Does Sorting Increase Inequality?," NBER Working Papers 5566, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Lakshmi K. Raut, 1996. "Signalling equilibrium, Intergenerational mobility and long-run growth," GE, Growth, Math methods 9603002, EconWPA.
  7. Baumol, William J, 1990. "Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive, and Destructive," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 893-921, October.
  8. Moulton, Brent R., 1986. "Random group effects and the precision of regression estimates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 385-397, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Harper, Caroline & Marcus, Rachel & Moore, Karen, 2003. "Enduring Poverty and the Conditions of Childhood: Lifecourse and Intergenerational Poverty Transmissions," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 535-554, March.
  2. Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2004. "Vers plus d'égalité d'opportunités scolaires ? Évolution de la mobilité scolaire intergénérationnelle au Pérou depuis un siècle," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 18(1), pages 101-134.
  3. Krakowski, Michael, 2003. "Poverty reduction strategy papers in Latin America: the case of Bolivia," HWWA Reports 230, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  4. Fabián Soria, 2008. "The impact of Community-Based Ecotourism Projects in Amboró National Park," Development Research Working Paper Series 03/2008, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
  5. Vargas, Martin, 2005. "Migración Municipal en Bolivia: Un Enfoque Espacial
    [Migration at municipal level in Bolivia: A spatial approach (spanish)]
    ," MPRA Paper 6109, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Rainer Thiele, 2003. "The social impact of structural adjustment in Bolivia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(3), pages 299-319.

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