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Droit foncier, productivité et investissement dans l'agriculture : cas du café en Côte d'Ivoire
[Land tenure, productivity and investment in agriculture: the case of coffee in Côte d'Ivoire]


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  • KOUADIO, Hugues


The debate on the issue of land rights and its impact on investment and agricultural productivity still divides economic experts and agricultural statistics. While some agree that the link is positive, the effects are often difficult to measure, it is sometimes not only due to the difficulty of measuring the land rights and investment, but also to the econometric method used. In the African context, particularly the cultivation of coffee in Côte d'Ivoire, estimated by instrumental variables from the method GMM shows the existence of a strong link between land rights, investment and productivity. The direction of this relationship depends on the type of right held by the operators. Plantations acquired through inheritance are subject to less investment and productivity, while those that have been acquired by purchase experiencing levels of investment and high productivity. These links are supported by the fact that the contact public extension, membership in a farmers' organization, the amount of agricultural labor, improve the incentive to invest or productivity. Le débat sur la question du droit foncier et de son influence sur l'investissement et la productivité agricole divise encore les spécialistes de l'économie et la statistique agricole. Si certains s'accordent à dire que le lien est positif, les effets sont souvent difficilement mesurables ; cela est parfois dû non seulement à la difficulté de mesure du droit foncier et de l'investissement, mais aussi à la méthode économétrique utilisée. Dans le contexte africain, en particulier celui de la culture du café en Côte d'Ivoire, une estimation par les variables instrumentales à partir de la méthode des moments généralisés montre l'existence d'un lien solide entre droit foncier, investissement et productivité. Le sens de ce lien dépend du type de droit détenu par les exploitants. Les plantations acquises par héritage font l'objet de moins d'investissement et de productivité, alors que celles qui ont été acquises par achat connaissent des niveaux d'investissement et de productivité élevés. Ces liens sont soutenus par le fait que le contact avec les vulgarisateurs publics, l'adhésion à une organisation paysanne, la quantité de main d'oeuvre agricole, améliorent l'incitation à investir ou la productivité.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49944.

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Date of creation: Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49944

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Keywords: Droit foncier; productivité; investissement dans l'agriculture; cycle de vie des cultures pérennes; café; Côte d'Ivoire;

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  1. Timothy Besley & Maitreesh Ghatak, 2009. "Property rights and economic development," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 25428, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Atwood, David A., 1990. "Land registration in Africa: The impact on agricultural production," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 659-671, May.
  3. Brasselle, Anne-Sophie & Gaspart, Frederic & Platteau, Jean-Philippe, 2002. "Land tenure security and investment incentives: puzzling evidence from Burkina Faso," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 373-418, April.
  4. James Fenske, 2010. "L’Étranger: Status, Property Rights, and Investment Incentives in Côte d’Ivoire," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 86(4), pages 621-644.
  5. Besley, Timothy, 1995. "Property Rights and Investment Incentives: Theory and Evidence from Ghana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(5), pages 903-37, October.
  6. Deininger, Klaus & Jin, Songqing, 2006. "Tenure security and land-related investment: Evidence from Ethiopia," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1245-1277, July.
  7. Sjaastad, Espen & Bromley, Daniel W., 1997. "Indigenous land rights in sub-Saharan Africa: Appropriation, security and investment demand," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 549-562, January.
  8. Sarah Gavian & Marcel Fafchamps, 1996. "Land Tenure and Allocative Efficiency in Niger," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 460-471.
  9. Joseph Hayes & Michael Roth & Lydia Zepeda, 1997. "Tenure Security, Investment and Productivity in Gambian Agriculture: A Generalized Probit Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 369-382.
  10. Ault, David E & Rutman, Gilbert L, 1979. "The Development of Individual Rights to Property in Tribal Africa," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(1), pages 163-82, April.
  11. F. Place & K. Otsuka, 2002. "Land Tenure Systems and Their Impacts on Agricultural Investments and Productivity in Uganda," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(6), pages 105-128.
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