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Research Note: Economic Structural Change Over Time: Brazil and the United States Compared

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  • Guilhoto, Joaquim J.M.
  • Hewings, Geoffrey J.D.
  • Sonis, Michael
  • Jiemin, Guo

Abstract

Using input-output tables for the economies of Brazil and the United States, this comparative study focuses on changes in the economic structure of two large countries with different levels of development over time (1958-77 for the United States and 1959-80 for Brazil). The change in the economic structure is decomposed into three initial components (final demand, technology, and their synergistic interaction) and thereafter these components are further divided into change initiated within the sector and outside the sector. The results indicate a rather remarkable degree of commonality in the patterns of growth processes in both countries,with more significant differences between sectors than between countries. The analysis confirmed earlier findings about the role of demand changes but was able to capture important differences in internal-to-sector versus external-to-sector sources of demand change.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 42539.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:42539

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Keywords: Input-Output; Economic Structure; Brazil; United States;

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  1. Bezdek, Roger H & Wendling, Robert M, 1976. "Disaggregation of Structural Change in the American Economy: 1947-1966," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 22(2), pages 167-85, June.
  2. Skolka, Jiri, 1989. "Input-output structural decomposition analysis for Austria," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 45-66.
  3. Sonis, Michael & Hewings, Geoffrey J.D., 1993. "Hierarchies of Regional Sub-Structures and Their Multipliers within Input-output Systems Miyazawa Revisited," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 34(1), pages 33-44, June.
  4. Feldman, Stanley J & McClain, David & Palmer, Karen, 1987. "Sources of Structural Change in the United States, 1963-78: An Input-Output Perspective," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(3), pages 503-10, August.
  5. Hewings, Geoffrey J.D. & Fonseca, Miguel A. & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & Sonis, Michael, 1989. "Key sectors and structural change in the Brazilian economy: a comparsion of alternative approaches and their policy implications," MPRA Paper 54761, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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