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On the Validity of Durbin-Wu-Hausman Tests for Assessing Partial Exogeneity Hypotheses with Possibly Weak Instruments

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  • Doko Tchatoka, Firmin

Abstract

We investigate the validity of the standard specification tests for assessing the exogeneity of subvectors in the linear IV regression. Our results show that ignoring the endogeneity of the regressors whose exogeneity is not being tested leads to invalid tests (level is not controlled). When the fitted values from the first stage regression of these regressors are used as instruments under the partial null hypothesis of interest, as suggested Hausman and Taylor (1980, 1981), some versions of these tests are invalid when identification is weak and the number of instruments is moderate. However, all tests are overly conservative and have no power when the number of instruments increases, even for moderate identification strength.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40184.

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Date of creation: 20 Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40184

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Keywords: Partial exogeneity; sized distortions; weak identification;

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References

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  1. Hausman, Jerry A. & Taylor, William E., 1981. "Panel data and unobservable individual effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 155-155, May.
  2. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock, 1997. "Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(3), pages 557-586, May.
  3. Jean-Marie Dufour, 2003. "Identification, weak instruments, and statistical inference in econometrics," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 36(4), pages 767-808, November.
  4. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Dufour, Jean-Marie, 2012. "Identification-robust inference for endogeneity parameters in linear structural models," Working Papers 15064, University of Tasmania, School of Economics and Finance, revised 01 Aug 2012.
  5. Christopher F Baum & Mark E. Schaffer & Steven Stillman, 2002. "Instrumental variables and GMM: Estimation and testing," United Kingdom Stata Users' Group Meetings 2003 02, Stata Users Group.
  6. Hahn, Jinyong & Ham, John C. & Moon, Hyungsik Roger, 2011. "The Hausman test and weak instruments," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(2), pages 289-299, February.
  7. DUFOUR, Jean-Marie, 2003. "Identification, Weak Instruments and Statistical Inference in Econometrics," Cahiers de recherche 10-2003, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  8. J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  9. Wu, De-Min, 1973. "Alternative Tests of Independence Between Stochastic Regressors and Disturbances," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(4), pages 733-50, July.
  10. Hansen, Christian & Hausman, Jerry & Newey, Whitney, 2008. "Estimation With Many Instrumental Variables," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 398-422.
  11. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin, 2012. "On the validity of Durbin-Wu-Hausman tests for assessing partial exogeneity hypotheses with possibly weak instruments," Working Papers 15061, University of Tasmania, School of Economics and Finance, revised 06 Jul 2012.
  12. Saraswata Chaudhuri & Elaina Rose, 2009. "Estimating the Veteran Effect with Endogenous Schooling when Instruments are Potentially Weak," Working Papers UWEC-2009-07, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Dufour, Jean-Marie, 2012. "Identification-robust inference for endogeneity parameters in linear structural models," MPRA Paper 40695, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin, 2013. "On bootstrap validity for specification tests with weak instruments," MPRA Paper 47485, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin, 2012. "On the Validity of Durbin-Wu-Hausman Tests for Assessing Partial Exogeneity Hypotheses with Possibly Weak Instruments," MPRA Paper 40184, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Mardi Dungey & Matteo Luciani & David Veredas, 2012. "Ranking Systemically Important Financial Institutions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-115/IV/DSF44, Tinbergen Institute.
  5. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin Sabro, 2012. "Specification Tests with Weak and Invalid Instruments," MPRA Paper 40185, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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