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Transferts Financiers des Migrants et développement en Afrique subsaharienne

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  • TCHAMANBÉ DJINÉ Louise, TDL
  • MIAMO WENDJI Clovis, MWC
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship Workers’ Remittances, poverty, and economic growth in Sub-Saharan African countries. Workers’ Remittances seem to affect the economic development of recipient countries in the same way as Official Development Aid and Foreign Direct Investment. To achieve this objective, we use the fixed effects panel regression models to determine the link between Remittances and poverty on the one hand, Remittances and growth on the other. Recourse to the instrumental variables method turned out to be better for the estimation of the poverty model, while the standard error correction method proved to be well suited for the estimation of the growth model. Empirical results reveal that, Remittances inflows do not contribute significantly to the reduction of poverty. However, it is important to note that Workers’ Remittances seem to be a key element in boosting economic growth in the same manner as investment. Thus, if decision makers allocate a substantial percentage of the fruits derived from this growth to investment in the development of human capital, physical and basic social infrastructures, it is very likely that poverty will be reduced in the long term.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 38139.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38139

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    Keywords: Workers’ Remittances; Poverty; Economic Growth; Development;

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    1. Marta Ruiz-Arranz & Paola Giuliano, 2005. "Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth," IMF Working Papers 05/234, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Adams, Richard Jr. & Page, John, 2005. "Do international migration and remittances reduce poverty in developing countries?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1645-1669, October.
    3. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2002. "Aid allocation and poverty reduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1475-1500, September.
    4. Dalia Hakura & Ralph Chami & Peter Montiel, 2009. "Remittances," IMF Working Papers 09/91, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Gianmarco León & Valerie Koechlin, 2006. "International Remittances and Income Inequality: An Empirical Investigation," IDB Publications 6716, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Robert J. Barro, 1996. "Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study," NBER Working Papers 5698, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Lisa Chauvet & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2007. "L'aide publique au développement et les investissements directs étrangers en afrique sont-ils complémentaires ?," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 815-831.
    8. Christian EBEKE, 2010. "Transferts des migrants, ouverture sur l'extérieur et dépenses publiques dans les pays en développement," Working Papers 201011, CERDI.
    9. Matteo Bugamelli & Francesco Paternò, 2008. "Output growth volatility and remittances," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 673, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. de la Fuente, Alejandro, 2008. "Remittances and Vulnerability to Poverty in Rural Mexico," Working Paper Series RP2008/17, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Gupta, Sanjeev & Pattillo, Catherine A. & Wagh, Smita, 2009. "Effect of Remittances on Poverty and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 104-115, January.
    12. Richard H. Adams, Jr. & John Page, 2003. "International migration, remittances, and poverty in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3179, The World Bank.
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