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Childhood, Schooling and Income Inequality

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  • Cavapozzi, Danilo
  • Garrouste, Christelle
  • Paccagnella, Omar

Abstract

Parental or socioeconomic background plays an important role in determining employment outcomes during the individual whole life-cycle. The extent to which individuals move (up or down) the social ladder relative to one¿s parents is known as inter-generational social mobility. In a relatively immobile society individual outcomes, such as education, occupation or incomes, tend to be strongly related to those of their parents. On the one hand, in less mobile societies human skills may be wasted or mis-allocated. On the other hand, the motivations, the effort, the individual productivity may be affected by the lack of equal economic opportunities. These in turn may affect the overall efficiency and growth potential of a country. The influence of parental socio-economic status on the descendants¿ education, incomes and occupation has been widely investigated in the literature (Solon, 2002; Corak, 2004; OECD, 2010). Even though no single indicator can summarize a so puzzling picture, a general pattern that emerges is that a group of countries (namely, Mediterranean countries) shows a low inter-generational social mobility, while another group of countries (for instance, Nordic countries) tends to be relatively mobile. In this contribution we exploit the richness of SHARELIFE information on household economic resources and social background of respondents at the age of 10 to investigate the relationship between their educational attainments, their labour market outcomes and the social environment where they grew up.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 28729.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:28729

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Keywords: Retrospective survey; Childhood indicators; Human capital accumulation; Income inequalities;

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  1. Lee, Jong-Wha & Barro, Robert J, 2001. "Schooling Quality in a Cross-Section of Countries," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 68(272), pages 465-88, November.
  2. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-63, July.
  3. Garrouste, Christelle, 2010. "100 years of educational reforms in Europe: a contextual database," MPRA Paper 31853, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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Cited by:
  1. Schröder, Mathis, 2013. "Jobless Now, Sick Later? Investigating the Long-term Consequences of Involuntary Job Loss on Health," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 5-15.
  2. Paccagnella, Omar & Garrouste, Christelle, 2012. "Early-life circumstances and late-life income," MPRA Paper 49506, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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