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Monetary Policy and the Credit Channel: Evidence from India

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  • Bose, Sukanya
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    Abstract

    Credit channel of monetary transmission mechanism provides an alternative transmission channel of monetary shock through the asset side of the banking system. Based on the literature on market imperfection, it presents some appealing arguments on supply side effects of innovations in monetary policy, which are of relevance to developing countries. We test the empirical validity of credit channel in India in the context of the mid-nineties episode of the adverse monetary shock. The evidence suggests the operation of a balancesheet channel with the effect of an adverse monetary shock falling disproportionately on bank-dependent firms. The evidence in respect to an aggregate lending channel is mixed.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/28486/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 28486.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:28486

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    Keywords: Credit channel; monetary policy; balancesheet; India; external sources of funds; bank lending; commercial paper; capital markets; random effects model.;

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    1. Gertler, M. & Gilchrist, S., 1992. "Monetary Policy, Business Cycles and the Behavior of Small Manufacturing Firms," Working Papers 92-08, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
    2. Steven M. Fazzari & R. Glenn Hubbard & BRUCE C. PETERSEN, 1988. "Financing Constraints and Corporate Investment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(1), pages 141-206.
    3. Stephen D. Oliner & Glenn D. Rudebusch, 1994. "Is there a broad credit channel for monetary policy?," Working Paper Series / Economic Activity Section 146, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    4. Anil Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein, 1993. "Monetary Policy and Bank Lending," NBER Working Papers 4317, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Mark Gertler & Simon Gilchrist, 1993. "The role of credit market imperfections in the monetary transmission mechanism: arguments and evidence," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 93-5, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    6. Christina D. Romer & David H. Romer, 1990. "New Evidence on the Monetary Transmission Mechanism," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 21(1), pages 149-214.
    7. Mark Gertler & R. Glenn Hubbard, 1988. "Financial factors in business fluctuations," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 33-78.
    8. Robert S. Chirinko, 1993. "Business fixed investment spending: a critical survey of modeling strategies, empirical results, and policy implications," Research Working Paper 93-01, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    9. Timberg, Thomas A & Aiyar, C V, 1984. "Informal Credit Markets in India," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(1), pages 43-59, October.
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