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Globalisation, European Integration and Social Protection – Patterns of Change or Continuity?

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  • Van Vliet, Olaf
  • Kaeding, Michael

Abstract

The adoption of a new instrument of governance in the EU – the open-method-of-coordination - has renewed the notion of convergence/divergence across EU member states. This paper examines the role of European integration in shaping and changing social welfare systems and investigates whether these patterns of change or continuity follow welfare state regime typologies. Embedded in the Europeanisation, convergence and welfare state regime literature, we rely on recent 2007 OECD social expenditure data. Controlled for cyclical and demographic effects this study shows that since 1991 social expenditures of EU member states have converged and increased on average, whereas non - EU member states have diverged. To examine whether these trends can be explained by changes in welfare regimes dendograms offer a useful means. Although we find a link between the type of regime and the long-term type trajectory more generally, these regime patterns appear to be in flow. This study finds in particular some empirical evidence for the loss in momentum of the Scandinavian regime pattern.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 20808.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20808

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Related research

Keywords: social expenditures; convergence; Europeanisation; welfare state regimes; cluster analysis;

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References

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  1. André Sapir, 2006. "Globalization and the Reform of European Social Models," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 369-390, 06.
  2. Bonoli, Giuliano & Palier, Bruno, 2000. "How do welfare states change? Institutions and their impact on the politics of welfare state reform in Western Europe," European Review, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(03), pages 333-352, July.
  3. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1995. "The classical approach to convergence analysis," Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra 117, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  4. Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen, 2005. "The Europeanization of Welfare - The Domestic Impact of Intra-European Social Security," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(5), pages 1027-1054, December.
  5. Martin, Lisa L. & Simmons, Beth A., 1998. "Theories and Empirical Studies of International Institutions," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 52(04), pages 729-757, September.
  6. Galor, Oded, 1996. "Convergence? Inferences from Theoretical Models," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1056-69, July.
  7. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2002. "EU enlargement and the future of the welfare state," Munich Reprints in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics 19736, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  8. van Marrewijk, Charles, 2006. "International Economics: Theory, application, and policy," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199280988, October.
  9. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1990. "Tax harmonization and tax competition in Europe," Munich Reprints in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics 19846, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  10. Cornelisse, Peter & Goudswaard, Kees, 2001. "On the convergence of social protection systems in the European Union," MPRA Paper 21297, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Empirics for economic growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1353-1375, June.
  12. Castles, Francis G., 2004. "The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199273928, October.
  13. Scharpf, Fritz W., 2002. "The European Social Model: Coping with the challenges of diversity," MPIfG Working Paper, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies 02/8, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
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Cited by:
  1. Koen Caminada & Kees Goudswaard & Olaf Van Vliet, 2010. "Patterns of Welfare State Indicators in the EU: Is there Convergence?," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48, pages 529-556, 06.
  2. Ileana TACHE & Vlad Dumitrache, 2012. "New Welfare Regimes In Eastern Europe: The Cases Of Romania And Bulgaria," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 10, pages 59-84, December.
  3. Caminada, Koen & Goudswaard, Kees & Koster, Ferry, 2010. "Social Income Transfers and Poverty Alleviation in OECD Countries," MPRA Paper 27345, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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