Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The European Social Model: Coping with the challenges of diversity

Contents:

Author Info

  • Scharpf, Fritz W.
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    European integration has created a constitutional asymmetry between policies promoting market efficiencies and policies promoting social protection and equality. National welfare states are legally and economically constrained by European rules of economic integration, liberalization, and competition law, whereas efforts to adopt European social policies are politically impeded by the diversity of national welfare states, differing not only in levels of economic development and hence in their ability to pay for social transfers and services but, even more significantly, in their normative aspirations and institutional structures. In response, the Open Method of Coordination is now applied being in the social-policy field. It leaves effective policy choices at the national level, but tries to improve these through promoting common objectives and common indicators and through comparative evaluations of national policy performance. These efforts are useful but cannot overcome the constitutional asymmetry. Hence there is reason to search for solutions which must have the character of European law in order to establish constitutional parity with the rules of European economic integration, but which also must be sufficiently differentiated to accommodate the existing diversity of national welfare regimes. The article discusses two such options, Closer Cooperation and a combination of differentiated framework directives with the Open Method of Coordination. -- Die Europäische Integration hat eine konstitutionelle Asymmetrie zwischen marktschaffender Politik und soziale Sicherheit und Gleichheit fördernder Politik erzeugt. Sozialstaatliche Politik auf der nationalen Ebene wird beschränkt durch Marktintegration, Liberalisierung und das europäische Wettbewerbsrecht. Zugleich scheitert aber eine einheitliche europäische Sozialpolitik an Unterschieden in der wirtschaftlichen Leistungsfähigkeit noch mehr an der Verschiedenartigkeit der normativen Erwartungen und der institutionellen Strukturen der nationalen Sozialsysteme. Als Antwort darauf wird nun die Offene Methode der Koordinierung in der Sozialpolitik angewandt. Die Methode belässt die Wahl der Policy auf nationaler Ebene, versucht aber gleichzeitig, diese durch die Definition gemeinsamer Ziele und Indikatoren sowie durch Erfolgsvergleiche zu verbessern. Diese Bemühungen sind zwar nützlich, können jedoch die konstitutionelle Asymmetrie nicht beseitigen. Es lohnt sich deshalb, nach Lösungen zu suchen, die den Status europäischen Rechts haben, um so konstitutionellen Gleichrang mit dem europäischen Recht der wirtschaftlichen Integration zu erreichen. Diese Lösungen müssen aber zugleich ausreichend differenziert sein, um die legitimen Unterschiede nationaler Wohlfahrtsregime zu respektieren. Dieses Working Paper beschäftigt sich mit zweien solcher Lösungsmöglichkeiten: Vertiefte Zusammenarbeit sowie eine Kombination differenzierter Rahmenrichtlinien mit der Offenen Methode der Koordinierung.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/44265/1/644399538.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Working Paper with number 02/8.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgw:028

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Paulstr. 3, 50676 Köln
    Phone: + 49 (0) 221-2767-0
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.mpifg.de/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    RePEc Biblio mentions

    As found on the RePEc Biblio, the curated bibliography for Economics:
    1. > Political Economy > The Political Economy of the European Union
    2. > Political Economy > The Political Economy of the European Union > Economic Policy and Policy-Making in the European Union
    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    This item has more than 25 citations. To prevent cluttering this page, these citations are listed on a separate page.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgw:028. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.